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A143936 Subsequence of A050791, "Fermat near misses", generated by iteration of a linear form derived from Ramanujan's parametric formula for equal sums of two pairs of cubes. 0
5262, 2262756, 972979926, 418379105532, 179902042398942, 77357459852439636 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

The formulas give an approximately geometric progression of values, z, such that 1 + z^3 = x^3 + y^3, along with the values for x and y. Iteration yields large values of x,y and z presumably unobtainable by exhaustive search.

REFERENCES

Charles Edward Sandifer, The Early Mathematics of Leonhard Euler, 2007, pp. 102-103.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..6.

Wolfram Mathworld, Diophantine Equation 3rd Powers

FORMULA

In Ramanujan's parametric formula:

(a*x+y)^3 + (b+x^2*y)^3 = (b*x+y)^3 + (a+x^2*y)^3

with

a^2 + a*b + b^2 = x*y^2,

we set x=3, ax+y=1 and obtain a quadratic equation for b in terms of a

( Since 'a' is always negative we write it explicitly as '-a' and solve for positive 'a' )

The surd of the quadratic formula then becomes:

sqrt(321*a^2 + 216*a + 36)

and we require that this be an integer. After finding an initial value of 'a' which satisfies this condition by inspection of the sequence A050791, we use Euler's method to find the bilinear recursion: ( with s_i == sqrt(321*a_i^2 + 216*a_i + 36) )

a_i+1 = 215*a_i + 12*s_i + 72

s_i+1 = 215*s_i + 3852*a_i + 1296

and these yield the values of x,y and z from Ramanujan's formula.

EXAMPLE

1 + 5262^3 = 4528^3 + 3753^3 = 145697644729

1 + 2262756^3 = 1947250^3 + 1613673^3 = 11585457155467377217

1 + 972979926^3 = 837313192^3 + 693875529^3 = 921110304262410135315034777

PROG

(Other) /*

File: form.bc

Usage: bc form.bc

( In UNIX shell, e.g. bash on Cygwin )

*/

define a(x){ return( 321*x^2 + 216*x + 36 ); }

define b(x){ return( sqrt(a(x)) ); }

define n(z){ auto a, x; x=3; a = 215*z+12*b(z)+72 ;

a; b(a); return(v(a)); }

define v(z){ auto a, b, x, y, i, j, k, l;

a = z; b = ( a + b(a) )/2;

a = -a; x=3; y = 1-a*x;

i=a*x+y; j=b+x^2*y; k=b*x+y; l=a+x^2*y;

-a; b; i; j; k; l; i^3+j^3; k^3+l^3;

return ( -a ); }

z=144; v(z) ; z=n(z); z=n(z); z=n(z); /* ... etc. */

CROSSREFS

Cf. A050791, A141326.

Sequence in context: A206165 A206379 A234229 * A204281 A251901 A274361

Adjacent sequences:  A143933 A143934 A143935 * A143937 A143938 A143939

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Lewis Mammel (l_mammel(AT)att.net), Sep 05 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 24 09:38 EDT 2021. Contains 348225 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)