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A143370 Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the number of unordered pairs of vertices at distance k in the grid P_2 x P_n (1 <= k <= n). P_m is the path graph on m vertices. 1
1, 4, 2, 7, 6, 2, 10, 10, 6, 2, 13, 14, 10, 6, 2, 16, 18, 14, 10, 6, 2, 19, 22, 18, 14, 10, 6, 2, 22, 26, 22, 18, 14, 10, 6, 2, 25, 30, 26, 22, 18, 14, 10, 6, 2, 28, 34, 30, 26, 22, 18, 14, 10, 6, 2, 31, 38, 34, 30, 26, 22, 18, 14, 10, 6, 2, 34, 42, 38, 34, 30, 26, 22, 18, 14, 10, 6, 2 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Sum of entries in row n = n(2n-1) = A000384(n).

The entries in row n are the coefficients of the Wiener polynomial of the grid P_2 x P_n.

Sum_{k=1..n} k*T(n,k) = A131423(n) = the Wiener index of the grid P_2 x P_n.

The average of all distances in the grid P_2 x P_n is (n+2)/3.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..78.

B. E. Sagan, Y-N. Yeh and P. Zhang, The Wiener Polynomial of a Graph, Internat. J. of Quantum Chem., 60, 1996, 959-969.

FORMULA

G.f. = G(q,z) = qz(1+2z+qz)/((1-qz)(1-z)^2).

EXAMPLE

T(2,1)=4 because in the graph P_2 x P_2 (a square) we have 4 distances equal to 1.

Triangle starts:

   1;

   4,  2;

   7,  6,  2;

  10, 10,  6,  2;

  13, 14, 10,  6,  2;

MAPLE

G:=q*z*(1+2*z+q*z)/((1-z)^2*(1-q*z)): Gser:= simplify(series(G, z=0, 15)): for n to 12 do p[n]:=sort(coeff(Gser, z, n)) end do: for n to 12 do seq(coeff(p[n], q, j), j=1..n) end do; # yields sequence in triangular form

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000384.

Sequence in context: A002560 A124908 A260593 * A307869 A016695 A125271

Adjacent sequences:  A143367 A143368 A143369 * A143371 A143372 A143373

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Sep 05 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 6 21:24 EDT 2020. Contains 333286 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)