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 A140612 Integers k such that both k and k+1 are the sum of 2 squares. 8
 0, 1, 4, 8, 9, 16, 17, 25, 36, 40, 49, 52, 64, 72, 73, 80, 81, 89, 97, 100, 116, 121, 136, 144, 145, 148, 169, 180, 193, 196, 225, 232, 233, 241, 244, 256, 260, 288, 289, 292, 305, 313, 324, 337, 360, 361, 369, 388, 400, 404, 409, 424, 441, 449, 457 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,3 COMMENTS Equivalently, nonnegative k such that k*(k+1) is the sum of two squares. Also, nonnegative k such that k*(k+1)/2 is the sum of two squares. This follows easily from the "sum of two squares theorem": x is the sum of two (nonnegative) squares iff its prime factorization does not contain p^e where p == 3 (mod 4) and e is odd. - Robert Israel, Mar 26 2018 Trivially, sequence includes all positive squares. LINKS David A. Corneth, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000 EXAMPLE 40 = 6^2 + 2^2, 41 = 5^2 + 4^2, so 40 is in the sequence. MATHEMATICA (*M6*) A1 = {}; Do[If[SquaresR[2, n (n + 1)/2] > 0, AppendTo[A1, n]], {n, 0, 1500}]; A1 Join[{0}, Flatten[Position[Accumulate[Range], _?(SquaresR[2, #]> 0&)]]] (* Harvey P. Dale, Jun 07 2015 *) PROG (MAGMA) [k:k in [0..460]| forall{k+a: a in [0, 1]|NormEquation(1, k+a) eq true}]; // Marius A. Burtea, Oct 08 2019 CROSSREFS Cf. A000217, A000290, A000404, A001481, A002378, A050795, A073613. Sequence in context: A106840 A242663 A160053 * A225353 A034023 A086368 Adjacent sequences:  A140609 A140610 A140611 * A140613 A140614 A140615 KEYWORD nonn,easy AUTHOR Franklin T. Adams-Watters, May 19 2008 EXTENSIONS a(1)=0 prepended and edited by Max Alekseyev, Oct 08 2019 STATUS approved

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Last modified May 9 03:39 EDT 2021. Contains 343685 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)