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A137298 Triangle read by rows: coefficients of a Hermite-like set of recursive polynomials that appear by integration to be orthogonal using the substitution on the Hermite recursion of n->f(n) where f(n)=A000931[n] is the Padovan sequence. 0
1, 0, 1, -1, 0, 1, 0, -2, 0, 1, 2, 0, -4, 0, 1, 0, 6, 0, -6, 0, 1, -6, 0, 18, 0, -9, 0, 1, 0, -30, 0, 42, 0, -13, 0, 1, 30, 0, -120, 0, 87, 0, -18, 0, 1, 0, 240, 0, -414, 0, 178, 0, -25, 0, 1, -270, 0, 1320, 0, -1197, 0, 340, 0, -34, 0, 1 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,8

COMMENTS

The number-like behavior of the Padovan sequence made me think that I might get a orthogonal polynomial set by this substitution:

Table[Integrate[Exp[ -x2/2]*P[x,n]*P[x, n + 1], {x, -Infinity, Infinity}], {n, 0, 10}];

{0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0};

The row sums are:

Table[Apply[Plus, CoefficientList[P[x, n], x]], {n, 0, 10}];

{1, 1, 0, -1, -1, 1, 4, 0, -20, -20, 160}

The tiling property of the Fibonacci and Padovan sequences makes me think that other sequence of fundamental number theory "beta Integer-like" sequences might give orthogonal polynomials as well.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..66.

FORMULA

a(n) = a(n-2)+a(n-3): A000931(n); p(x,0)=1;p(x,1)=x; p(x,n)=x*p(x,n-1)-a(n)*p(n,n-2)

EXAMPLE

{1},

{0, 1},

{-1, 0, 1},

{0, -2, 0, 1},

{2, 0, -4, 0, 1},

{0, 6, 0, -6, 0, 1},

{-6, 0, 18, 0, -9, 0, 1},

{0, -30, 0, 42, 0, -13, 0, 1},

{30, 0, -120, 0, 87, 0, -18, 0, 1},

{0, 240, 0, -414, 0, 178, 0, -25, 0, 1},

{-270, 0, 1320, 0, -1197, 0, 340, 0, -34, 0, 1}

MATHEMATICA

f[0] = 0; f[1] = 1; f[2]=1; f[n_] := f[n] = f[n - 2] + f[n - 3]; P[x, 0] = 1; P[x, 1] = x; P[x_, n_] := P[x, n] = x*P[x, n - 1] - f[n]*P[x, n - 2]; Table[ExpandAll[P[x, n]], {n, 0, 10}]; a = Table[CoefficientList[P[x, n], x], {n, 0, 10}] Flatten[a]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000045, A000931.

Sequence in context: A156537 A239501 A145316 * A136487 A178108 A021501

Adjacent sequences:  A137295 A137296 A137297 * A137299 A137300 A137301

KEYWORD

uned,tabl,sign

AUTHOR

Roger L. Bagula, Mar 14 2008

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 20 19:47 EDT 2021. Contains 347589 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)