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 A126203 Middle number of a set of 5 consecutive integers whose sum of cubes is a square. 12
 0, 2, 3, 27, 98, 120 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS That is, numbers n >= 0 such that 5n(n^2+6) is a square. According to Dickson, Lucas stated that the only terms are 2, 3, 98 and 120 (missing 27). The Mordell reference shows that there are only finitely many solutions. - Allan Wilks, Mar 10 2007 From Max Alekseyev, Mar 10 2007: (Start) It can be shown that all such numbers n can be obtained from elements that are perfect squares in the following 3 recurrent sequence: 1) x(0)=0, x(1)=4, x(k+1) = 98*x(k) - x(k-1). If x(k) is a square then n = 30*x(k). In particular: for k=0, we have n=30*x(0)=0, for k=1, we have n=30*x(1)=120. 2) x(0)=1, x(1)=49, x(k+1) = 38*x(k) - x(k-1). If x(k) is a square then n = 2*x(k). In particular: for k=1, we have n=2*x(1)=2, for k=2, we have n=2*x(1)=98. 3) x(0)=1, x(1)=9, x(k+1) = 8*x(k) - x(k-1). If x(k) is a square then n = 3*x(k). In particular: for k=1, we have n=3*x(1)=3, for k=2, we have n=3*x(1)=27. It also follows that for any such n one of n/2, n/3, or n/30 is a perfect square. I have tested 10^5 terms of each of the recurrent sequences above and found no new perfect squares. (End) From Warut Roonguthai, Apr 28 2007: (Start) The sequence is finite because the number of integral points on an elliptic curve is finite; in this case the curve is m^2 = 5n^3 + 30n. Multiplying the equation by 25 and letting y = 5m and x = 5n, we have y^2 = x^3 + 150x. According to Magma, the integral points on this curve are (x, y) = (0, 0), (10, 50), (15, 75), (24, 132), (135, 1575), (490, 10850), (600, 14700). So the list is complete. (End) This was also confirmed (using Sage) by Jaap Spies, May 27 2007 About the second comment: Lucas, however, did actually include 27 in his original note, which can be seen at the link cited. The mistake appears to have originated with Dickson. - Matt Westwood, Mar 05 2022 REFERENCES L. E. Dickson, History of the Theory of Numbers, Volume 2, Chapter 21, page 587. L. J. Mordell, Diophantine Equations, Ac. Press; see Th. 1, Chap. 27, p. 255. LINKS Table of n, a(n) for n=1..6. L. E. Dickson, History of the Theory of Numbers, Volume 2, Chapter 21, page 587. Edouard Lucas, Recherches sur l'analyse indéterminée, Bull. Soc. d'Emulation du Département de l'Allier, 12, 1873, 532. MAPLE q:= n-> issqr((n^2+6)*5*n): select(q, [\$0..150])[]; # Alois P. Heinz, Mar 08 2022 MATHEMATICA Select[Partition[Range[-5, 130], 5, 1], IntegerQ[Sqrt[Total[#^3]]]&][[All, 3]] (* Harvey P. Dale, Jan 31 2017 *) PROG (PARI) for(n=1, 10^8, if(issquare(5*n*(n*n+6)), print(n))) CROSSREFS Cf. A000290, A027604. Sequence in context: A181225 A143876 A184506 * A126655 A242520 A132533 Adjacent sequences: A126200 A126201 A126202 * A126204 A126205 A126206 KEYWORD nonn,fini,full AUTHOR Nick Hobson, Mar 10 2007 STATUS approved

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