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 A109876 Triangle read by rows: a(n, n) = n! and for 1 <= k < n, a(n, k) = Sum_{i=0..n-1} Product_{j=i+1..i+k} f(j, n), where for x <= y, f(x, y) = x and for x > y, f(x, y) = x-y. 1
 1, 3, 2, 6, 11, 6, 10, 24, 50, 24, 15, 45, 120, 274, 120, 21, 76, 252, 720, 1764, 720, 28, 119, 476, 1680, 5040, 13068, 5040, 36, 176, 828, 3520, 12960, 40320, 109584, 40320, 45, 249, 1350, 6750, 29880, 113400, 362880, 1026576, 362880, 55, 340, 2090, 12048 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS The first four columns (excluding the initial term of each) are A000217 (triangular numbers), A006527, A062026 and A062027. The first and third diagonals are both A000142 (factorials). The second diagonal is A000254. Without the exception for k = n, a(n, n) would be n*n! (A001563(n)). For example, a(3, 3) would be 1*2*3 + 2*3*1 + 3*1*2 instead of 1*2*3. The author's original description did not mention the exception. I guess it didn't make sense to him to add n identical terms. - David Wasserman, Oct 01 2008 LINKS EXAMPLE a(5, 3) = 1*2*3 + 2*3*4 + 3*4*5 + 4*5*1 + 5*1*2 = 120. PROG (PARI) f(x, y) = if (x > y, x - y, x); a(n, k) = if (n == k, n!, sum (i = 0, n - 1, prod (j = i + 1, i + k, f(j, n)))); \\ David Wasserman, Oct 01 2008 CROSSREFS Cf. A109877. Sequence in context: A210748 A331889 A340612 * A108284 A340733 A095011 Adjacent sequences:  A109873 A109874 A109875 * A109877 A109878 A109879 KEYWORD nonn,easy,tabl AUTHOR Amarnath Murthy, Jul 10 2005 EXTENSIONS Edited and extended by David Wasserman, Oct 01 2008 STATUS approved

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Last modified December 2 20:25 EST 2021. Contains 349445 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)