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A103814 Pentanacci constant: decimal expansion of limit of A001591(n+1)/A001591(n). 13
1, 9, 6, 5, 9, 4, 8, 2, 3, 6, 6, 4, 5, 4, 8, 5, 3, 3, 7, 1, 8, 9, 9, 3, 7, 3, 7, 5, 9, 3, 4, 4, 0, 1, 3, 9, 6, 1, 5, 1, 3, 2, 7, 1, 7, 7, 4, 5, 6, 8, 6, 1, 3, 9, 3, 2, 3, 6, 9, 3, 4, 5, 0, 8, 4, 4, 2, 2, 5, 2, 7, 1, 2, 8, 7, 1, 8, 8, 6, 8, 8, 1, 7, 3, 4, 8, 1, 8, 6, 6, 5, 5, 5, 4, 6, 3, 0, 4, 7, 2, 0, 2, 1, 3, 0 (list; constant; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

The pentanacci constant P is the limit as n -> infinity of the ratio of Pentanacci(n+1)/Pentanacci(n) = A001591(n+1)/A001591(n), which is the principal root of x^5-x^4-x^3-x^2-x-1 = 0. Note that we have: P + P^-5 = 2.

The pentanacci constant corresponds to the Golden Section in a fivepartite division 1 = u_1 + u_2 + u_3 + u_4 + u_5 of a unit line segment, i.e., if 1/u_1 = u_1/u_2 = u_2/u_3 = u_3/u_4 + u_4/u_5 = c, c is the pentanacci constant. - Seppo Mustonen, Apr 19 2005

The other 4 roots of the polynomial 1+x+x^2+x^3+x^4-x^5 are the two complex-conjugated pairs -0.6783507129699967... +- i * 0.458536187273144499.. and 0.1953765946472540452... +- i * 0.848853640546245551858... - R. J. Mathar, Oct 25 2008

The continued fraction expansion is 1, 1, 28, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 4, 2, 1, 3, 1, 6, 1, 4, 1, 1, 5, 3, 2, 15, 69, 1, 1, 14, 1, 8, 1, 6,... - R. J. Mathar, Mar 09 2012

For n>=5, round(c^prime(n)) == 1 (mod 2*prime(n)). Proof in Shevelev link. - Vladimir Shevelev, Mar 21 2014

Note that the k-nacci constant approaches 2 when k approaches infinity (Martin Gardner). - Bernard Schott, May 07 2022

REFERENCES

Martin Gardner, The Second Scientific American Book Of Mathematical Puzzles and Diversions, "Phi: The Golden Ratio", Chapter 8, p. 101, Simon & Schuster, NY, 1961.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..105.

S. Litsyn and Vladimir Shevelev, Irrational Factors Satisfying the Little Fermat Theorem, International Journal of Number Theory, vol.1, no.4 (2005), 499-512.

Vladimir Shevelev, A property of n-bonacci constant, Seqfan (Mar 23 2014)

Eric Weisstein et al., Tetranacci Constant.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Pentanacci Constant

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Pentanacci Number

EXAMPLE

1.965948236645485337189937375934401396151327177456861393236934508442...

MATHEMATICA

RealDigits[Root[x^5-Total[x^Range[0, 4]], 1], 10, 120][[1]] (* Harvey P. Dale, Mar 22 2017 *)

PROG

(PARI) solve(x=1, 2, 1+x+x^2+x^3+x^4-x^5) \\ Michel Marcus, Mar 21 2014

CROSSREFS

Cf. A001591.

k-nacci constants: A001622 (Fibonacci), A058265 (tribonacci), A086088 (tetranacci), this sequence (pentanacci), A118427 (hexanacci), A118428 (heptanacci).

Sequence in context: A102047 A144665 A019884 * A245770 A117020 A011459

Adjacent sequences: A103811 A103812 A103813 * A103815 A103816 A103817

KEYWORD

nonn,cons,easy

AUTHOR

Jonathan Vos Post, Mar 29 2005

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 4 07:38 EST 2022. Contains 358544 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)