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A102089 Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the number of k-matchings in the C_n X P_3 graph (C_n is the cycle graph on n vertices and P_3 is the path graph on 3 vertices). 2
1, 10, 24, 12, 1, 15, 69, 107, 36, 1, 20, 142, 440, 588, 288, 32, 1, 25, 240, 1125, 2710, 3227, 1645, 240, 1, 30, 363, 2290, 8139, 16446, 18141, 9870, 2148, 108, 1, 35, 511, 4060, 19222, 55867, 99085, 103231, 58310, 15267, 1274, 1, 40, 684, 6560, 38934 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

2,2

COMMENTS

Row 2n contains 3n+1 terms; row 2n+1 contains 3n+2 terms. Row sums yield A102090 T(2n,3n) yields A102091

REFERENCES

H. Hosoya and A. Motoyama, An effective algorithm for obtaining polynomials for dimer statistics. Application of operator technique on the topological index to two- and three-dimensional rectangular and torus lattices, J. Math. Physics 26 (1985) 157-167 (eq. (51) and Table VII).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=2..51.

FORMULA

The row generating polynomials A[n] satisfy A[n] =(1 + 2t)A[n - 1] + t(3 + 10t + 6t^2)A[n - 2] + t^2*(3 + 7t)A[n - 3] - t^3*( - 1 + 3t + 12t^2 + 10t^3)A[n - 4] - t^5*(3 + 3t + 4t^2)A[n - 5] + t^7*(3 + 2t + 6t^2)A[n - 6] - t^9*(1 - 2t)A[n - 7] - t^12*A[n - 8] G.f.= - z^2*( - 1 - 10t + z^6*t^9 - 3z^5*t^7 - 3z^2*t^2 - 17z^2*t^3 - z^3*t^3 + z^3*t^4 + 3z^4*t^5 + 9z^4*t^6 - 8z^4*t^7 + 33z^3*t^5 - 2z^2*t^4 - 8z^5*t^8 + t^12*z^7 - 4t^8*z^4 + 49t^6*z^3 + 48t^5*z^2 - 3t^9*z^5 - 4t^11*z^6 - 36t^9*z^4 + 40t^7*z^3 + 40t^6*z^2 - 26t^10*z^5 + 2z^7*t^13 + 8t^12*z^6 - 25zt^2 - 47zt^3 - 12zt^4 - 3zt - 24t^2 - 12t^3)/[(z^2*t^3 - 1 - zt)(z^6*t^9 - z^5*t^7 + z^5*t^6 - 5z^4*t^6 - 3z^4*t^5 - 2z^4*t^4 - 2z^3*t^4 + z^3*t^3 + 5z^2*t^3 + z^3*t^2 + 7z^2*t^2 + 2z^2*t + 3zt + z - 1)].

EXAMPLE

T(2,3)=12 because in the graph C_2 X P_3 with vertex set {A,B,C,A',B',C'} and edge set {AB,AC,A'B',B'C',a,a',b,b',c,c'}, where a and a' are two edges between A and A', b and b' are two edges between B and B' and c and c' are two edges between C and C', we have the following twelve3-matchings (as a matter of fact they are perfect matchings): eight 3-matchings by taking one edge from each of the pairs {a,a'},{b,b'} and {c,c'}; two 3-matchings by taking AB, A'B' and either edge from the pair {c,c'}; two 3-matchings by taking BC, B'C' and either edge from the pair {a,a'}.

Triangle starts:

1, 10, 24, 12;

1, 15, 69, 107, 36;

1, 20, 142, 440, 588, 288, 32;

1, 25, 240, 1125, 2710, 3227, 1645, 240;

MAPLE

G:= - z^2*( - 1 - 10*t + z^6*t^9 - 3*z^5*t^7 - 3*z^2*t^2 - 17*z^2*t^3 - z^3*t^3 + z^3*t^4 + 3*z^4*t^5 + 9*z^4*t^6 - 8*z^4*t^7 + 33*z^3*t^5 - 2*z^2*t^4 - 8*z^5*t^8 + t^12*z^7 - 4*t^8*z^4 + 49*t^6*z^3 + 48*t^5*z^2 - 3*t^9*z^5 - 4*t^11*z^6 - 36*t^9*z^4 + 40*t^7*z^3 + 40*t^6*z^2 - 26*t^10*z^5 + 2*z^7*t^13 + 8*t^12*z^6 - 25*z*t^2 - 47*z*t^3 - 12*z*t^4 - 3*z*t - 24*t^2 - 12*t^3)/(z^2*t^3 - 1 - z*t)/(z^6*t^9 - z^5*t^7 + z^5*t^6 - 5*z^4*t^6 - 3*z^4*t^5 - 2*z^4*t^4 - 2*z^3*t^4 + z^3*t^3 + 5*z^2*t^3 + z^3*t^2 + 7*z^2*t^2 + 2*z^2*t + 3*z*t + z - 1):

Gser:=simplify(series(G, z=0, 13)): for n from 2 to 9 do P[n]:=coeff(Gser, z^n) od: b:=proc(n) if n mod 2 = 0 then 1 + 3*n/2 else 1 + b(n - 1) fi end:for n from 2 to 9 do seq(coeff(t*P[n], t^k), k=1..b(n)) od; # yields sequence in triangular form

CROSSREFS

Cf. A102090, A102091.

Sequence in context: A300150 A187621 A231880 * A250797 A250583 A223415

Adjacent sequences:  A102086 A102087 A102088 * A102090 A102091 A102092

KEYWORD

nonn,tabf

AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Dec 29 2004

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 16 20:36 EDT 2021. Contains 348047 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)