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A086371 a(n) is the sum, over all labeled graphs G on n nodes, of the clique number w(G). 0
1, 3, 16, 151, 2750, 97829, 6803239 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
The expected clique number of G(n,1/2) is the rational value a(n)/b(n), where b(n) denotes the sequence A006125 (the number of graphs on n labeled nodes). For instance, the expected clique number of G(4,1/2) is a(4)/b(4) = 151/64. G(n,1/2) denotes the random graph on n labeled nodes obtained by choosing, randomly and independently, every pair of nodes {ij} to be an edge with probability 1/2 (Alon, Krivelevich and Sudakov p. 2)
N. Alon, M. Krivelevich and B. Sudakov, Finding a large hidden clique in a random graph, Proc. of the Ninth Annual ACM-SIAM SODA, ACM Press (1998), pp. 594-598. Also: Random Structures and Algorithms 13 (1998), pp. 457-466.
I.M. Bomze, M. Budinich, P.M. Pardalos and M. Pelillo, The Maximum Clique Problem, Handbook of Combinatorial Optimization (supplement vol. A), D.-Z. Du and P.M. Pardalos, eds. (1999), pp. 1-74.
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Clique Number.
Consider the 8 different labeled graphs on 3 nodes: one of the graphs has clique number 1, six of the graphs have clique number 2 and one of the graphs has clique number 3. Hence a(3) = 1*1 + 6*2 + 1*3 = 16.
Sequence in context: A230323 A217251 A125281 * A229954 A228513 A135753
Tim Paulden (timmy(AT)cantab.net), Sep 05 2003

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