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A078843 Where 3^n occurs in n-almost-primes, starting at a(0)=1. 20

%I

%S 1,2,3,5,8,14,23,39,64,103,169,269,427,676,1065,1669,2628,4104,6414,

%T 10023,15608,24281,37733,58503,90616,140187,216625,334527,516126,

%U 795632,1225641,1886570,2901796,4460359,6851532,10518476,16138642,24748319

%N Where 3^n occurs in n-almost-primes, starting at a(0)=1.

%H Max Alekseyev, <a href="/A078843/b078843.txt">Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..50</a>

%H Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, <a href="http://mathworld.wolfram.com/AlmostPrime.html">Almost Prime.</a>

%F a(n) = a(n-1) + appi3(n-k, floor(3^n/2^k)), where k = ceiling(n*c) with c = log(5/3)/log(5/2) = 0.55749295065024006729857073190835923443... and appi3(k,n) is the number of k-almost-primes not divisible by 3 and not exceeding n. - _Max Alekseyev_, Jan 06 2008

%e a(3) = 5 since 3^3 is the 5th 3-almost-prime: {8,12,18,20,27,...}.

%t AlmostPrimePi[k_Integer /; k > 1, n_] := Module[{a, i}, a[0] = 1; Sum[PrimePi[n/Times @@ Prime[Array[a, k - 1]]] - a[k - 1] + 1, Evaluate[Sequence @@ Table[{a[i], a[i - 1], PrimePi[(n/Times @@ Prime[Array[a, i - 1]])^(1/(k - i + 1))]}, {i, k - 1}]]]]; (* _Eric W. Weisstein_ Feb 07 2006 *)

%t Table[ AlmostPrimePi[n, 3^n], {n, 2, 37}] (* _Robert G. Wilson v_, Feb 09 2006 *)

%o (PARI) a(n)=sum(i=1,3^n,if(bigomega(i)-n,0,1))

%o (PARI)

%o { appi(k,n,m=2) = local(r=0);

%o if(k==0,return(1));

%o if(k==1,return(primepi(n)));

%o forprime(p=m, floor(sqrtn(n,k)+1e-20),

%o r+=appi(k-1,n\p,p)-(k==2)*(primepi(p)-1));

%o r }

%o { appi3(k,n) = appi(k,n) - if(k>=1,appi(k-1,n\3)) }

%o a=1; for(n=1,50, k=ceil(n*log(5/3)/log(5/2)); a+=appi3(n-k,3^n\2^k); print1(a,", "))

%o \\ _Max Alekseyev_, Jan 06 2008

%Y Cf. A078840, A078841, A078842, A078844, A078845, A078846.

%K nonn

%O 0,2

%A _Benoit Cloitre_ and _Paul D. Hanna_, Dec 10 2002

%E a(14)-a(37) from _Robert G. Wilson v_, Feb 09 2006

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Last modified January 27 14:07 EST 2021. Contains 340467 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)