

A063882


a(n) = a(n  a(n  1)) + a(n  a(n  4)), with a(1) = ... = a(4) = 1.


26



1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10, 11, 11, 11, 12, 12, 13, 14, 14, 15, 15, 16, 17, 17, 17, 18, 18, 19, 20, 20, 21, 21, 22, 22, 22, 23, 23, 24, 25, 25, 26, 26, 27, 27, 28, 29, 29, 29, 30, 30, 31, 32, 32, 33, 33, 34, 34, 34, 35, 35, 36, 37, 37, 38, 38, 39, 39, 40
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OFFSET

1,5


COMMENTS

A captivating recursive function. A metaFibonacci recursion.
This has been completely analyzed by Balamohan et al. They prove that the sequence a(n) is monotonic, with successive terms increasing by 0 or 1, so the sequence hits every positive integer.
They demonstrate certain special structural properties and periodicities of the associated frequency sequence (the number of times a(n) hits each positive integer) that make possible an iterative computation of a(n) for any value of n.
Further, they derive a natural partition of the asequence into blocks of consecutive terms ("generations") with the property that terms in one block determine the terms in the next.
a(A202014(n)) = n and a(m) < n for m < A202014(n). [Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 08 2011]


LINKS

T. D. Noe and N. J. A. Sloane, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000
Altug Alkan, On a Generalization of Hofstadter's QSequence: A Family of Chaotic Generational Structures, Complexity (2018) Article ID 8517125.
B. Balamohan, A. Kuznetsov and S. Tanny, On the behavior of a variant of Hofstadter's Qsequence, J. Integer Sequences, Vol. 10 (2007), #07.7.1.
A. Isgur, R. Lech, S. Moore, S. Tanny, Y. Verberne, and Y. Zhang, Constructing New Families of Nested Recursions with Slow Solutions, SIAM J. Discrete Math., 30(2), 2016, 11281147. (20 pages); DOI:10.1137/15M1040505
Kellie O'Connor Gutman, V(n) = V(n  V(n  1)) + V(n  V(n  4)), The Mathematical Intelligencer, Volume 23, Number 3, Summer 2001, page 50.
Index entries for Hofstadtertype sequences


FORMULA

n/2 < a(n) <= n/2  log_2 (n)  1 for all n > 6 [Balamohan et al.]


MAPLE

a := proc(n) option remember; if n<=4 then 1 else if n > a(n1) and n > a(n4) then RETURN(a(na(n1))+a(na(n4))); else ERROR(" died at n= ", n); fi; fi; end;


MATHEMATICA

a[1] = a[2] = a[3] = a[4] = 1; a[n_] := a[n] = a[na[n1]] + a[na[n4]]


PROG

(Haskell)
a063882 n = a063882_list !! (n1)
a063882_list = 1 : 1 : 1 : 1 : zipWith (+)
(map a063882 $ zipWith () [5..] a063882_list)
(map a063882 $ zipWith () [5..] $ drop 3 a063882_list)
 Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 08 2011


CROSSREFS

Cf. A132157. For partial sums see A129632.
A136036(n) = a(n+1)  a(n).
Cf. A063892, A087777.
Cf. A132174, A132175, A132176, A132177.
Cf. A202016 (occur only once).
Sequence in context: A046108 A079411 A198454 * A097873 A005375 A138370
Adjacent sequences: A063879 A063880 A063881 * A063883 A063884 A063885


KEYWORD

nice,nonn


AUTHOR

Theodor Schlickmann (Theodor.Schlickmann(AT)cec.eu.int), Aug 28 2001


EXTENSIONS

Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Nov 06 2007


STATUS

approved



