

A008407


Minimal difference s(n) between beginning and end of n consecutive large primes (ntuplet) permitted by divisibility considerations.


28



0, 2, 6, 8, 12, 16, 20, 26, 30, 32, 36, 42, 48, 50, 56, 60, 66, 70, 76, 80, 84, 90, 94, 100, 110, 114, 120, 126, 130, 136, 140, 146, 152, 156, 158, 162, 168, 176, 182, 186, 188, 196, 200, 210, 212, 216, 226, 236, 240, 246, 252, 254, 264, 270, 272, 278
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OFFSET

1,2


COMMENTS

Tony Forbes defines a prime ktuplet (distinguished from a prime ktuple) to be a maximally possible dense cluster of primes (a prime constellation) which will necessarily involve consecutive primes whereas a prime ktuple is a prime cluster which may not necessarily be of maximum possible density (in which case the primes are not necessarily consecutive.)
a(n) >> n log log n; in particular, for any eps > 0, there is an N such that a(n) > (e^gamma  eps) n log log n for all n > N. Probably N can be chosen as 1; the actual rate of growth is larger. Can a larger growth rate be established? Perhaps a(n) ~ n log n.  Charles R Greathouse IV, Apr 19 2012
Conjecture: (i) The sequence a(n)^(1/n) (n=3,4,...) is strictly decreasing (to the limit 1). (ii) We have 0 < a(n)/n  H_n < (gamma + 2)/(log n) for all n > 4, where H_n denotes the harmonic number 1+1/2+1/3+...+1/n, and gamma refers to the Euler constant 0.5772... [The second inequality has been verified for n = 5, 6, ..., 5000.]  ZhiWei Sun, Jun 28 2013.
Conjecture: For any integer n > 2, there is 1 < k < n such that 2*n  a(k) 1 and 2*n  a(k) + 1 are twin primes. Also, every n = 3, 4, ... can be written as p + a(k)/2 with p a prime and k an integer greater than one.  ZhiWei Sun, Jun 2930 2013.
The number of configurations that realize this minimal diameter, is A083409(n).  Jeppe Stig Nielsen, Jul 26 2018


REFERENCES

R. K. Guy, "Unsolved Problems in Number Theory", lists a number of relevant papers in Section A8.
John Leech, "Groups of primes having maximum density", Math. Tables Aids to Comput., 12 (1958) 144145.


LINKS

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..672 (from Engelsma's data)
Thomas J. Engelsma, Permissible Patterns
Tony Forbes, ktuplets
G. H. Hardy and J. E. Littlewood, Some problems of 'partitio numerorum'; III: on the expression of a number as a sum of primes, Acta Mathematica, Vol. 44, pp. 170, 1923. See final section.
A. V. Sutherland, Narrow admissible ktuples: bounds on H(k), 2013.
T. Tao, Bounded gaps between primes, PolyMath Wiki Project, 2013.
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Prime Constellation.


FORMULA

s(k), k >= 2, is smallest s such that there exist B = {b_1, b_2, ..., b_k} with s = b_k  b_1 and such that for all primes p <= k, not all residues modulo p are represented by B.


CROSSREFS

Equals A020497  1.
Cf. A083409.
Sequence in context: A285342 A111051 A077561 * A111224 A139718 A173340
Adjacent sequences: A008404 A008405 A008406 * A008408 A008409 A008410


KEYWORD

nonn,nice


AUTHOR

T. Forbes (anthony.d.forbes(AT)googlemail.com)


EXTENSIONS

Correction from Pat Weidhaas (weidhaas(AT)wotan.llnl.gov), Jun 15 1997
Edited by Daniel Forgues, Aug 13 2009
a(1)=0 prepended by Max Alekseyev, Aug 14 2015


STATUS

approved



