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A007885 Numbers n such that balanced sequences exist with n distinct elements. 1
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 11, 13, 19, 23, 29, 37, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 79, 83, 101, 103, 107, 131, 139, 149, 163, 167, 173, 179, 181, 191, 197, 199, 211, 227, 239, 263, 269, 271, 293, 311, 317, 347, 349, 359, 367, 373, 379, 383, 389, 419, 421, 443, 461, 463, 467 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

A nondecreasing sequence a_1, ..., a_n is called balanced if the n-1 quantities D(a_1,...,a_k)+D(a_(k+1),...,a_n) (1<=k<=n-1) are all equal, where D(a_1,...,a_k) is the sum of the absolute deviations of the a's from their median. Up to affine equivalence, there's a unique balanced sequence of any given length.

n is in the sequence iff n=1, 2, or 4, or n is prime and the multiplicative group of integers mod n is generated by -1 and 2.

1, 2, 4, and primes p such that either +2 or -2 (or both) are primitive roots mod p. - Joerg Arndt, Jun 03 2012

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..57.

Fred Galvin, Problem 10430, Amer. Math. Monthly, 102 (1995), 71.

Fred Galvin, John Isbell and Robin J. Chapman, Problem 10430 solution, Amer. Math. Monthly, 104 (1997), 671-672.

EXAMPLE

n=5 is in the sequence, since 0,2,3,4,6 is balanced. n=6 is not because every balanced sequence of length 6 is affinely equivalent to 0,1,2,2,3,4.

MATHEMATICA

o2[n_] := MultiplicativeOrder[2, n]; For[n=1, True, n++, If[Mod[4, n]==0||(PrimeQ[n]&&(o2[n]==n-1|| (o2[n]==(n-1)/2&&Mod[n, 4]==3))), Print[n]]]

PROG

(PARI) is(n)=n<6 || (isprime(n) && (znorder(Mod(2, n))==n-1 || znorder(Mod(-2, n))==n-1)) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 21 2014

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A175787 A073019 A174291 * A192586 A003037 A259466

Adjacent sequences:  A007882 A007883 A007884 * A007886 A007887 A007888

KEYWORD

nonn,nice

AUTHOR

Colin Mallows

EXTENSIONS

More terms and additional comments from Dean Hickerson, Sep 20 2001

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 23 23:48 EST 2020. Contains 332195 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)