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 A000208 Number of even sequences with period 2n. (Formerly M2377 N0943) 3
 1, 1, 3, 4, 12, 28, 94, 298, 1044, 3658, 13164, 47710, 174948, 645436, 2397342, 8948416, 33556500, 126324496, 477225962, 1808414182, 6871973952, 26178873448, 99955697946, 382438918234, 1466015854100, 5629499869780 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,3 COMMENTS These are binary sequences (sequences of 1's and 0's), and two sequences are considered the same if one can be transformed into the other by translation and/or exchanging 1 and 0. A periodic sequence can be represented by enclosing one period in parentheses (for example, (00011011)). Even sequences contain an even number of 1's and an even number of 0's. - Michael B. Porter, Dec 22 2019 REFERENCES N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence). N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence). LINKS Vincenzo Librandi, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000 E. N. Gilbert and J. Riordan, Symmetry types of periodic sequences, Illinois J. Math., 5 (1961), 657-665. FORMULA a(n) = (A000013(2*n) + A000013(n))/2 if n is even, A000013(2*n)/2 if n is odd. - Randall L Rathbun, Jan 11 2002 a(2*n) = (A000116(2*n) + A000116(n)) / 2; a(2*n+1) = A000116(2*n+1) / 2. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Jul 08 2013 EXAMPLE For n=2, the sequences of length 2n=4 are (0000), (0001), (0011), and (0101). The other 12 possibilities are equivalent - for example, the sequence (1001) is a translation of (0011), and the sequence (1101) is equivalent to (0001) by exchanging 1's and 0's and then translating. Since three of these have an even number of 1's, a(2) = 3. - Michael B. Porter, Dec 22 2019 MATHEMATICA a[0] = 1; a13[0] = 1; a13[n_] := Fold[#1 + EulerPhi[2*#2]*(2^(n/#2)/(2*n)) & , 0, Divisors[n]]; a[(n_)?OddQ] := (a13[2*(n + 1)] + a13[n + 1])/2; a[(n_)?EvenQ] := a13[2*(n + 1)]/2; Table[a[n], {n, 0, 24}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Sep 01 2011, after PARI prog. *) PROG (PARI) {A000208(n)=if(n%2==0, (A000013(2*n)+A000013(n))/2, A000013(2*n)/2)} (Haskell) a000208 n = a000208_list !! n a000208_list = map (`div` 2) \$ concat \$ transpose [zipWith (+) a000116_list \$ bis a000116_list, bis \$ tail a000116_list] where bis (x:_:xs) = x : bis xs -- Reinhard Zumkeller, Jul 08 2013 CROSSREFS Cf. A000013, A000206. Sequence in context: A288140 A287594 A296271 * A079154 A101716 A360992 Adjacent sequences: A000205 A000206 A000207 * A000209 A000210 A000211 KEYWORD nonn,easy,nice AUTHOR N. J. A. Sloane EXTENSIONS More terms from Randall L Rathbun, Jan 11 2002 STATUS approved

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Last modified December 8 13:46 EST 2023. Contains 367679 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)