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 A316657 For any n >= 0 with base-5 expansion Sum_{k=0..w} d_k * 5^k, let f(n) = Sum_{k=0..w} [d_k > 0] * (2 + i)^k * i^(d_k - 1) (where [] is an Iverson bracket and i denotes the imaginary unit); a(n) equals the real part of f(n). 8
 0, 1, 0, -1, 0, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, -1, 0, -1, -2, -1, -2, -1, -2, -3, -2, 1, 2, 1, 0, 1, 3, 4, 3, 2, 3, 5, 6, 5, 4, 5, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 0, 1, 4, 5, 4, 3, 4, -4, -3, -4, -5, -4, -2, -1, -2, -3, -2, -5, -4, -5, -6, -5, -6, -5, -6, -7, -6, -3, -2, -3, -4, -3 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,6 COMMENTS See A316658 for the imaginary part of f. See A316707 for the square of the modulus of f. The function f has nice fractal features (see scatterplot in Links section). It appears that f defines a bijection from the nonnegative integers to the Gaussian integers. LINKS Rémy Sigrist, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..15624 Rémy Sigrist, Colored scatterplot of (a(n), A316658(n)) for n=0..5^8-1 (where the hue is function of n) Wikipedia, Gaussian integer FORMULA a(5^n) = A139011(n) for any n >= 0. a(3 * 5^n) = -A139011(n) for any n >= 0. PROG (PARI) a(n) = my (d=Vecrev(digits(n, 5)), z=sum(i=1, #d, if (d[i], (2+I)^(i-1) * I^(d[i]-1), 0))); real(z) CROSSREFS Cf. A139011, A316658, A316707. Sequence in context: A219539 A154556 A260228 * A277914 A126626 A137927 Adjacent sequences:  A316654 A316655 A316656 * A316658 A316659 A316660 KEYWORD sign,base AUTHOR Rémy Sigrist, Jul 09 2018 STATUS approved

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Last modified April 1 01:56 EDT 2020. Contains 333153 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)