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A263726 Least prime p such that p^2 + A263977(n)^2 is prime. 4
2, 3, 2, 5, 2, 5, 2, 3, 3, 7, 2, 11, 2, 5, 2, 5, 3, 5, 5, 5, 2, 5, 11, 3, 2, 5, 2, 5, 2, 3, 3, 5, 19, 2, 5, 2, 13, 7, 3, 11, 11, 2, 3, 13, 3, 11, 2, 29, 2, 5, 3, 5, 2, 5, 5, 7, 7, 3, 11, 2, 11, 2, 3, 11, 7, 5, 2, 5, 2, 3, 3, 5, 2, 11, 5, 5, 3, 3, 59, 2, 11, 2, 3, 7, 13, 5, 2, 5, 7 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

The least k, such that prime(n) is the smallest prime p for which k^2 + p^2 is also prime, is in A263466.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..89.

Stephan Baier and Liangyi Zhao, On Primes Represented by Quadratic Polynomials, Anatomy of Integers, CRM Proc. & Lecture Notes, Vol. 46, Amer. Math. Soc. 2008, pp. 169 - 166.

√Čtienne Fouvry and Henryk Iwaniec, Gaussian primes, Acta Arithmetica 79:3 (1997), pp. 249-287.

EXAMPLE

A263977(1) = 1, and 2 and 2^2 + 1^2 = 5 are prime, so a(1) = 2.

MATHEMATICA

f[n_] := Block[{p = 2}, While[! PrimeQ[n^2 + p^2] && p < 1500, p = NextPrime@ p]; If[p > 1500, 0, p]]; lst = {}; k = 1; While[k < 130, If[f@ k > 0, AppendTo[lst, f@ k]]; k++]; lst

CROSSREFS

Cf. A240130, A240131, A263466, A263722, A263977.

Sequence in context: A108501 A166226 A263978 * A088167 A073893 A099552

Adjacent sequences:  A263723 A263724 A263725 * A263727 A263728 A263729

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Jonathan Sondow and Robert G. Wilson v, Oct 30 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 19 20:17 EST 2019. Contains 320328 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)