

A241717


The number of Ppositions in the game of Nim with up to 3 piles, allowing for piles of zero, such that the number of objects in the largest pile is n.


6



1, 3, 3, 9, 3, 9, 15, 21, 3, 9, 15, 21, 27, 33, 39, 45, 3, 9, 15, 21, 27, 33, 39, 45, 51, 57, 63, 69, 75, 81, 87, 93, 3, 9, 15, 21, 27, 33, 39, 45, 51, 57, 63, 69, 75, 81, 87, 93, 99, 105, 111, 117, 123, 129, 135, 141, 147, 153, 159, 165, 171
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OFFSET

0,2


COMMENTS

This is the finite difference of A236305.
Starting from index 1 all elements are divisible by 3, and can be grouped into sets of size 2^k of an arithmetic progression 6n3.
It appears that the sum of all terms of the first n rows of triangle gives A000302(n1), see Example section.  Omar E. Pol, May 01 2015


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..60.
T. Khovanova and J. Xiong, Nim Fractals, arXiv:1405.594291 [math.CO] (2014), p. 6 and J. Int. Seq. 17 (2014) # 14.7.8.


FORMULA

If b = floor(log_2(n)) is the number of digits in the binary representation of n and c = n + 1  2^b, then a(n) = 6*c3.


EXAMPLE

If the largest number is 1, then there should be exactly two piles of size 1 and one empty pile. There are 3 ways to permute this configuration, so a(1)=3.
From Omar E. Pol, Feb 26 2015: (Start)
Also written as an irregular triangle in which the row lengths are the terms of A011782, the sequence begins:
1;
3;
3, 9;
3, 9, 15, 21;
3, 9, 15, 21, 27, 33, 39, 45;
3, 9, 15, 21, 27, 33, 39, 45, 51, 57, 63, 69, 75, 81, 87, 93;
...
Observation: the first six terms of the right border coincide with the first six terms of A068156.
(End)
From Omar E. Pol, Apr 20 2015: (Start)
An illustration of initial terms in the fourth quadrant of the square grid:

n a(n) Compact diagram

. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
0 1 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 
1 3 _ _  _ _  _ _ _ _ _ _  
2 3  _ _ _   _ _ _ _ _   
3 9 _ _ _ _    _ _ _ _    
4 3    _ _   _ _ _     
5 9   _ _ _ _  _ _      
6 15  _ _ _ _ _ _ _       
7 21 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _        
8 3        _ _       
9 9       _ _ _ _      
10 15      _ _ _ _ _ _     
11 21     _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _    
12 27    _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _   
13 33   _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _  
14 39  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 
15 45 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
.
It appears that a(n) is also the number of cells in the nth region of the diagram, and A236305(n) is also the total number of cells after nth stage.
(End)


MATHEMATICA

Table[Length[Select[Flatten[Table[{n, k, BitXor[n, k]}, {n, 0, a}, {k, 0, a}], 1], Max[#] == a &]], {a, 0, 100}]


CROSSREFS

Cf. A011782, A068156, A236305 (partial sums), A241718 (4 piles), A241731 (5 piles).
Sequence in context: A151710 A160121 A048883 * A217883 A036553 A166466
Adjacent sequences: A241714 A241715 A241716 * A241718 A241719 A241720


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

Tanya Khovanova and Joshua Xiong, Apr 27 2014


STATUS

approved



