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A189243 Number of ways to dissect a nonsquare rectangle into n rectangles with equal area. 3
1, 2, 6, 21, 88, 390, 1914 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Dissections which differ by rotations or reflections are counted as distinct.

Rectangles may have different shapes.

a(1) to a(5) are the same (but not a(6)) as:

  A033540 a(n+1) = n*(a(n)+1), n >= 1, a(1) = 1.

If the dissections with a cross (where four squares share a vertex) were counted twice then a(1) to a(5) would be the same as the 'guillotine partitions' counted by A006318. - Geoffrey H. Morley, Dec 31 2012

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..7.

Geoffrey H. Morley, Illustration of terms up to a(5)

N. J. A. Sloane, Illustration of the term a(4) = 21

"056254628", A Chinese web page containing the problem and illustrating the initial terms

FORMULA

For n > 4, a(n) = b(n)+

+-------+   +-------+   +-------+   +---+---+   +---+---+

|       |   |       |   |       |   |   |   |   |   |   |

+-------+   +-------+   +-------+   +---+---+   +---+---+

|[a(n-1)|   |       |   |       |   |[a(n-2)|   |       |

|-a(n-2)|*4+| a(n-2)|*2+| a(n-3)|*4+|-a(n-3)|*4+| a(n-4)|*2

|-a(n-3)|   +-------+   +---+---+   |-a(n-4)|   +---+---+

|]      |   |       |   |   |   |   |]      |   |   |   |

+-------+   +-------+   +---+---+   +-------+   +---+---+

= b(n)+4*a(n-1)+2*a(n-2)-4*a(n-3)-2*a(n-4) where b(n) is the number of tilings in which no side of the rectangle comprises the side of a tile or the equal sides of two congruent tiles. For example, b(5) = 2. '*2' counts, say, rotation clockwise by 90 degrees (and rescaling the aspect ratio), while '*4' counts all rotations. - Geoffrey H. Morley, Dec 07 2012

EXAMPLE

There are 6 ways to form a rectangle from 3 rectangles with same area:

+-----+ +-+-+-+ +-----+ +--+--+ +-+---+ +---+-+

|     | | | | | |     | |  |  | | |   | |   | |

+-----+ | | | | +--+--+ |  |  | | |   | |   | |

|     | | | | | |  |  | |  |  | | +---+ +---+ |

+-----+ | | | | |  |  | +--+--+ | |   | |   | |

|     | | | | | |  |  | |     | | |   | |   | |

+-----+ +-+-+-+ +--+--+ +-----+ +-+---+ +---+-+

So a(3)=6.

From Geoffrey H. Morley, Dec 03 2012: (Start)

b(n) in the given formula is the sum of the appropriate tilings from certain 'frames'. A number that appears in a subrectangle in a frame is the number of rectangles into which the subrectangle is to be divided. Tilings are also counted that are from a reflection and/or half-turn of the frame.

For n = 6 there are 3(X2) frames:

+---+-+-+  +-+-----+  +-+-----+

|   | | |  | |     |  | |     |

|   | | |  | +---+-+  | |  2  |

+-+-+ | |  | |   | |  | |     |

| | | | |  | +---+ |  | +---+-+

| | +-+-+  | |   | |  | |   | |

| | |   |  +-+---+ |  +-+---+ |

| | |   |  |     | |  |     | |

+-+-+---+  +-----+-+  +-----+-+

  2 ways     2 ways     8 ways

The only other frames which yield desired tilings are obtained by rotating each frame above by 90 degrees and scaling it to fit a rectangle with the inverse aspect ratio.

So b(6) = 2(2+2+8) = 24, and a(6) = b(6)+4*a(5)+2*a(4)-4*a(3)-2*a(2) = 24+4*88+2*21-4*6-2*2 = 390.

For n = 7 we can use 7(X2) frames:

+---+--+

|   |  |

|   |  |

| 4 |3 |

|   |  |

|   |  |

|   |  |

+---+--+

63 ways [of creating tilings counted by b(7)]

+---+--+  +-+----+  +--+---+  +-----++  +--+---+  +----+-+

|   |  |  | |    |  |  |   |  ++----+|  |  |   |  ++-+-+ |

|   +-++  | +---++  |2 | 2 |  ||    ||  |  +-+-+  || | | |

| 3 | ||  |2|   ||  |  +--++  ||    ||  |2 | | |  || | | |

|   | ||  | | 2 ||  |  |  ||  || 3  ||  |  | | |  || +-+-+

|   | ||  | |   ||  +--+--+|  ||    ||  +--+-+2|  || |   |

+---+-+|  +-+---+|  |     ||  |+----++  |    | |  |+-+---+

+-----++  +-----++  +-----++  ++-----+  +----+-+  ++-----+

24 ways   16 ways   12 ways   10 ways    8 ways    4 ways

As for n = 6, these are only half the frames and tilings.

So b(7) = 2(63+24+16+12+10+8+4) = 274, and a(7) = b(7)+4*a(6)+2*a(5)-4*a(4)-2*a(3) = 274+4*390+2*88-4*21-2*6 = 1914.

(End)

CROSSREFS

See the analogous sequences A219861 and A108066 where we count dissections up to symmetry of nonsquare rectangles and squares respectively. - Geoffrey H. Morley, Dec 03 2012

Sequence in context: A256180 A150227 A263852 * A033540 A177479 A147719

Adjacent sequences:  A189240 A189241 A189242 * A189244 A189245 A189246

KEYWORD

nonn,nice,more

AUTHOR

Yi Yang, Apr 19 2011

EXTENSIONS

Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Apr 21 2011

a(7) added by Geoffrey H. Morley, Dec 03 2012

a(7) corrected by Geoffrey H. Morley, Dec 05 2012

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 27 06:52 EDT 2017. Contains 285508 sequences.