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A124132 Positive integers n such that Fibonacci(2*n) is the sum of two squares. 5
1, 3, 6, 7, 13, 19, 31, 37, 43, 49, 61, 67, 73, 79, 91, 111, 127, 163, 169, 183, 199, 223, 307, 313, 349, 361, 397, 433, 511, 523, 541, 613, 619, 709, 823, 907, 1087, 1123 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

This sequence excludes Fibonacci numbers with odd indices, all of which are sums of two squares.

Fibonacci numbers with even indices factor as F_2n = F_n L_n, L_n being n-th Lucas number. Thus F_2n factors further as F_2n = F_m L_m L_2m L_4m...L_n, with m odd. Since F_m is a sum of two squares and the pairs of Lucas numbers all have GCD dividing 2, the conclusion for F_2n depends on each Lucas number being a sum of two squares. Joint work with Kevin O'Bryant and Dennis Eichhorn.

To write Fibonacci(n) as a^2+b^2: find the a^2+b^2 representation for the individual prime factors, by using Cornacchia's algorithm, and then merge them by using the formulas (a^2+b^2)(c^2+d^2) = |ac+bd|^2 + |ad-bc|^2 = |ac-bd|^2 + |ad+bc|^2. - V. Raman, Aug 29 2012

All corresponding Fibonacci(2*n) values are the sum of two nonzero distinct squares except n = 1, 3, 6. - Altug Alkan, May 04 2016

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..38.

Blair Kelly, Fibonacci and Lucas factorizations

Wikipedia, Cornacchia's algorithm

EXAMPLE

a(4) = 7 because the first four Fibonacci numbers with even indices that are the sum of two squares are F_2, F_6, F_12 and F_14, 14 being 2*a(4) and F_14 = 377 = 11^2+16^2.

MATHEMATICA

Select[Range[100], Length[FindInstance[x^2 + y^2 == Fibonacci[2 #], {x, y}, Integers]] > 0 &] (* T. D. Noe, Aug 27 2012 *)

PROG

(PARI) for(i=2, 500, a=factorint(fibonacci(i))~; has=0; for(j=1, #a, if(a[1, j]%4==3&&a[2, j]%2==1, has=1; break)); if(has==0&&i%2==0, print((i/2)", "))) \\ V. Raman, Aug 27 2012

CROSSREFS

Cf. A001906, A124130 (for Lucas numbers), A001481.

Sequence in context: A216514 A051218 A124130 * A064291 A245394 A137473

Adjacent sequences:  A124129 A124130 A124131 * A124133 A124134 A124135

KEYWORD

nonn,more

AUTHOR

Melvin J. Knight (melknightdr(AT)verizon.net), Nov 30 2006

EXTENSIONS

a(22)-a(38) from V. Raman, Aug 27 2012

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 20 14:28 EST 2018. Contains 317402 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)