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A123731 The Kruskal-Macaulay function M_5(n). 4
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 9, 10, 11, 12, 12, 13, 14, 14, 15, 15, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 19, 20, 21, 22, 22, 23, 24, 24, 25, 25, 25, 26, 27, 28, 28, 29, 30, 30, 31, 31, 31, 32, 33, 33, 34, 34, 34, 35, 35, 35, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 39, 40, 41, 42, 42, 43, 44, 44, 45, 45, 45, 46 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Write n (uniquely) as n = C(n_t,t) + C(n_{t-1},t-1) + ... + C(n_v,v) where n_t > n_{t-1} > ... > n_v >= v >= 1. Then M_t(n) = C(n_t-1,t-1) + C(n_{t-1}-1,t-2) + ... + C(n_v-1,v-1).

REFERENCES

D. E. Knuth, The Art of Computer Programming, Vol. 4, Fascicle 3, Section 7.2.1.3, Table 3.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..72.

MAPLE

lowpol := proc(n, t) local x::integer; x := floor( (n*factorial(t))^(1/t)); while binomial(x, t) <= n do x := x+1; od; RETURN(x-1); end:

C := proc(n, t) local nresid, tresid, m, a; nresid := n; tresid := t; a := []; while nresid > 0 do m := lowpol(nresid, tresid); a := [op(a), m]; nresid := nresid - binomial(m, tresid); tresid := tresid-1; od; RETURN(a); end:

M := proc(n, t) local a; a := C(n, t); add( binomial(op(i, a)-1, t-i), i=1..nops(a)); end:

A123731 := proc(n) M(n, 5); end:

for n from 0 to 120 do printf("%d, ", A123731(n)); od; - R. J. Mathar, Mar 14 2007

CROSSREFS

For M_i(n), i=1, 2, 3, 4, 5 see A000127, A123578, A123579, A123580, A123731.

Sequence in context: A163296 A247971 A172103 * A247973 A195181 A003005

Adjacent sequences:  A123728 A123729 A123730 * A123732 A123733 A123734

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, Nov 12 2006

EXTENSIONS

More terms from R. J. Mathar, Mar 14 2007

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 24 04:36 EDT 2014. Contains 248499 sequences.