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A338263 Number of ways to write 8*n+7 as 2*w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with w, x, y, z nonnegative integers such that w*(3*x+7*y+10*z) is a square and also one of w, x, y, z is a square. 1
1, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 4, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1, 6, 3, 7, 3, 2, 7, 3, 6, 4, 5, 3, 3, 1, 1, 3, 6, 4, 5, 9, 1, 6, 4, 7, 2, 4, 4, 6, 3, 1, 6, 3, 5, 5, 4, 1, 3, 4, 4, 6, 7, 4, 3, 5, 3, 9, 3, 6, 3, 1, 10, 7, 2, 8, 3, 2, 10, 6, 5, 3, 4, 5, 4, 5, 5, 4 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Conjecture 1: Each nonnegative integer can be written as 2*w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with w, x, y, z nonnegative integers such that w*(3*x+7*y+10*z) is a square and one of w, x, y, z is also a square.

As all the nonnegative integers not of the form 4^k*(8*m+7) (k>=0, m>=0) can be written as 2*0^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with x, y, z integers, Conjecture 1 has the following equivalent version: a(n) > 0 for all n = 0,1,...

We have verified that a(n) > 0 for all n = 0..10^5.

Conjecture 2: If (a,b) is among the ordered pairs (1,2), (1,3), (2,4), (2,5), (2,8), (2,24), (6,8), (6,32), (9,12) and (18,24), then each n = 0,1,... can be written as 2*w^2 + x^2 + y^2 + z^2 with w, x, y, z nonnegative integers such that w*(a*x+b*y) is a square.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..6000

Zhi-Wei Sun, Refining Lagrange's four-square theorem, J. Number Theory 175(2017), 167-190. See also arXiv:1604.06723 [math.NT].

Zhi-Wei Sun, Restricted sums of four squares, Int. J. Number Theory 15(2019), 1863-1893.  See also arXiv:1701.05868 [math.NT].

Zhi-Wei Sun, Sums of four squares with certain restrictions, arXiv:2010.05775 [math.NT], 2020.

EXAMPLE

a(7) = 1, and 8*7+7 = 63 = 2*3^2 + 6^2 + 0^2 + 3^2 with 0 = 0^2 and 3*(3*6+7*0+10*3) = 12^2.

a(11) = 1, and 8*11+7 = 95 = 2*1^2 + 2^2 + 5^2 + 8^2 with 1 = 1^2 and 1*(3*2+7*5+10*8) = 11^2.

a(15) = 1, and 8*15+7 = 127 = 2*7^2 + 3^2 + 2^2 + 4^2 with 4 = 2^2 and 7*(3*3+7*2+10*4) = 21^2.

a(64) = 1, and 8*64+7 = 519 = 2*3^2 + 1^2 + 20^2 + 10^2 with 1 = 1^2 and 3*(3*1+7*20+10*10) = 27^2.

MATHEMATICA

SQ[n_]:=SQ[n]=IntegerQ[Sqrt[n]];

tab={}; Do[r=0; Do[If[SQ[8n+7-2w^2-x^2-y^2]&&(SQ[w]||SQ[x]||SQ[y]||SQ[8n+7-2w^2-x^2-y^2])&&SQ[w(3x+7y+10*Sqrt[8n+7-2w^2-x^2-y^2])], r=r+1], {w, 0, Sqrt[4n+3]}, {x, 0, Sqrt[8n+7-2w^2]}, {y, 0, Sqrt[8n+7-2w^2-x^2]}]; tab=Append[tab, r], {n, 0, 80}]; tab

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000290, A271518, A271724, A275301, A275344.

Sequence in context: A068869 A251046 A064529 * A322874 A091654 A127246

Adjacent sequences:  A338260 A338261 A338262 * A338264 A338265 A338266

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Oct 27 2020

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 25 11:00 EDT 2021. Contains 348239 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)