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A336494 The number of steps for a walk on a square spiral numbered board when starting on square 1 and stepping to an unvisited square containing the lowest prime number, where the square is within a block of size (2n+1) X (2n+1) centered on the current square. If no unvisited prime numbered squares exist within the block the walk ends. 3
7, 37, 65, 308, 654, 7214, 21992, 49850, 222791, 1146922, 1912101, 6372680, 23077800 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET
1,1
COMMENTS
For n = 1 this sequence is similar to A335856 except that only prime numbers can be stepped to; if no adjacent prime number exists then the walk ends. In general for a(n) the walk can step to any unvisited square containing the lowest prime number within a block of size (2n+1) X (2n+1) centered on the current square.
See A336576 for the final square number of the walks.
LINKS
Scott R. Shannon, Image showing the 7 steps of the walk for n = 1. For this and other images a green square shows the starting 1 square, a red square shows the final square, and a thick white line is the path between visited squares. All visited prime numbered squares are shown in yellow, while those unvisited squares containing primes are shown in grey. Blue squares mark out the (2n+1)x(2n+1) block of squares around the final square which contains no further unvisited primes. The square spiral numbering of the board is shown as a thin white line.
Scott R. Shannon, Image showing the 37 steps of the walk for n = 2. Click on this and other images to zoom in.
Wikipedia, Ulam Spiral.
EXAMPLE
The board is numbered with the square spiral:
.
17--16--15--14--13 .
| | .
18 5---4---3 12 29
| | | | |
19 6 1---2 11 28
| | | |
20 7---8---9--10 27
| |
21--22--23--24--25--26
.
a(1) = 7. Starting from the square 1 the sequence of adjacent unvisited lowest primes the walk can step to are 2,3,11,29,13,31,59. Once the square 59 is visited there are no other unvisited adjacent squares containing primes, so the walk terminates after 7 steps. See the first linked image.
a(2) = 38. This walk also starts by stepping to 2 and then 3. But the next lowest prime 5 is now two units away so is reachable and is thus the next stepped to square. Further steps are 7,19,17,37...,827,829,719,947. Once the square 947 is visited there are no other unvisited squares containing primes within the surrounding 5x5 block of squares, so the walk terminates after 38 steps. See the second linked image.
Also see the linked images for n=3,4,5,6.
CROSSREFS
Cf. A336576 (final square number), A335856, A000040, A136626, A336092, A330979, A332767, A335661, A335364.
Sequence in context: A078626 A093389 A093342 * A361485 A086110 A104914
KEYWORD
nonn,walk,more
AUTHOR
Scott R. Shannon, Jul 23 2020
STATUS
approved

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Last modified July 25 02:39 EDT 2024. Contains 374585 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)