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A273752 Integer area of primitive bicentric quadrilateral with integer side, rational inradius and rational circumradius. Excluding right kites. 0
7140, 16380, 87780, 1543668, 1697892, 4444440, 5858580 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Bicentric quadrilaterals have the following properties:

1. a+c = b+d = s where s is the semiperimeter;

2. A+C = B+D = 180 degrees;

2. Area S = sqrt(a b c d);

3. Circumradius R = sqrt(a*b + c*d)*sqrt(a*c + b*d)*sqrt(a*d + b*c)/S;

4. Inradius r = S/s (it follows that r is always rational if sides and area are integers);

5. Length of the diagonal separating a-b and c-d is (4S*R)/(a*b + c*d), the other diagonal can be obtained by swapping b,c or swapping b,d. It follows that all diagonals are rational iff a,b,c,d,R,S are rationals.

There are only 7 primitive cases which are not right kites for S < 10^7.

From empirical observation, the area seems to be a multiple of 84. (If proven, the program could be modified to run 84 times as fast.)

Special cases of bicentric quadrilaterals are right kites and isosceles trapezium.

Integer right kites can be generated by joining two (a,b,c) Pythagorean triangles, which gives S=a b/2, R=c/2, r=ab/(a+b+c).

Integer isosceles trapezium is impossible. Proof:

1. Let the sides of integer isosceles trapezium be (s-t,s,s+t,s);

2. S = s*sqrt(s^2 - t^2) and R = 2*s^2*sqrt(2s^2 - t^2)/S;

3. s^2 - t^2 and 2s^2 - t^2 are perfect squares;

4. Let u^2 = 2s^2 - t^2, v^2 = s^2 - t^2;

5. t^2,s^2,u^2 is an arithmetic progression with common difference = v^2;

6. Fermat's right triangle theorem states that no integer solution exists, except v=0 which corresponds to (0,s,2s,s), a degenerate quadrilateral. QED.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..7.

Wikipedia, Bicentric quadrilateral.

Wikipedia, Fermat's right triangle theorem.

EXAMPLE

All examples with S < 10^7:

a,    b,    c,    d,    S,       R,      r

204,  140,  85,   21,   7140,    442,    476/15

315,  260,  91,   36,   16380,   650,    140/3

440,  399,  231,  190,  87780,   1885/2, 418/3

2397, 1564, 1316, 483,  1543668, 4810,   128639/240

4756, 3451, 1428, 123,  1697892, 15130,  348

2849, 2184, 2145, 1480, 4444440, 6290,   3080/3

5460, 5365, 1131, 1036, 5858580, 11050,  7215/8

MATHEMATICA

SMin=7140;

SMax=16380(*WARNING: runs very slow*);

dS=1(*assuming S mod 84 = 0, set to 84 to run faster*);

Do[

  s=(a+b)/2+Sqrt[(a-b)^2/4+S^2/(a b)];

  If[s//IntegerQ//Not, Continue[]];

  If[GCD[a, b, s]>1, Continue[]];

  R=(Sqrt[#1#2+#3#4]Sqrt[#1#3+#2#4]Sqrt[#1#4+#2#3])/S&[a, b, s-b, s-a];

  If[R\[NotElement]Rationals, Continue[]];

  S(*{a, b, s-b, s-a, S, R, S/s}*)//Sow;

  , {S, Round[SMin, dS], SMax, dS}

  , {a, S^2//Divisors//Select[#, S<#^2&&#<S&]&}

  , {b, S^2/a//Divisors//Select[#, a/2<#<a&&1+a-#<=S^2/(a#)<=#(2#-a)&]&}

]//Reap//Last//Last(*//TableForm*)

{S, R, a, b, s}=.;

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A123292 A116180 A252303 * A213097 A063058 A214336

Adjacent sequences:  A273749 A273750 A273751 * A273753 A273754 A273755

KEYWORD

nonn,more

AUTHOR

Albert Lau, May 29 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 25 19:19 EDT 2022. Contains 354071 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)