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A265813 Denominators of primes-only best approximates (POBAs) to Pi; see Comments. 7

%I

%S 2,2,5,7,13,53,67,71,197,241,311,353,1427,1667,1723,3023,4591,5113,

%T 5749,9817,14563,15241,19309

%N Denominators of primes-only best approximates (POBAs) to Pi; see Comments.

%C Suppose that x > 0. A fraction p/q of primes is a primes-only best approximate (POBA), and we write "p/q in B(x)", if 0 < |x - p/q| < |x - u/v| for all primes u and v such that v < q, and also, |x - p/q| < |x - p'/q| for every prime p' except p. Note that for some choices of x, there are values of q for which there are two POBAs. In these cases, the greater is placed first; e.g., B(3) = (7/2, 5/2, 17/5, 13/5, 23/7, 19/7, ...). See A265759 for a guide to related sequences. Many terms of A265806 are also terms of A265801 (denominators of POBAs to tau).

%e The POBAs to Pi start with 5/2, 7/2, 17/5, 23/7, 41/13, 167/53, 211/67, 223/71, 619/197. For example, if p and q are primes and q > 53, then 167/53 is closer to Pi than p/q is.

%t x = Pi; z = 1000; p[k_] := p[k] = Prime[k];

%t t = Table[Max[Table[NextPrime[x*p[k], -1]/p[k], {k, 1, n}]], {n, 1, z}];

%t d = DeleteDuplicates[t]; tL = Select[d, # > 0 &] (* lower POBA *)

%t t = Table[Min[Table[NextPrime[x*p[k]]/p[k], {k, 1, n}]], {n, 1, z}];

%t d = DeleteDuplicates[t]; tU = Select[d, # > 0 &] (* upper POBA *)

%t v = Sort[Union[tL, tU], Abs[#1 - x] > Abs[#2 - x] &];

%t b = Denominator[v]; s = Select[Range[Length[b]], b[[#]] == Min[Drop[b, # - 1]] &];

%t y = Table[v[[s[[n]]]], {n, 1, Length[s]}] (* POBA, A265812/A265813 *)

%t Numerator[tL] (* A265808 *)

%t Denominator[tL] (* A265809 *)

%t Numerator[tU] (* A265810 *)

%t Denominator[tU] (* A265811 *)

%t Numerator[y] (* A265812 *)

%t Denominator[y] (* A265813 *)

%Y Cf. A000040, A265759, A265808, A265809, A265810, A265811, A265812.

%K nonn,frac,more

%O 1,1

%A _Clark Kimberling_, Jan 02 2016

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Last modified October 15 00:14 EDT 2019. Contains 328025 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)