%I
%S 0,1,2,3,5,9,13,6,10,14,7,11,15,21,37,53,25,41,57,29,45,61,22,38,54,
%T 26,42,58,30,46,62,23,39,55,27,43,59,31,47,63,85,149,213,101,165,229,
%U 117,181,245,89,153,217,105,169,233,121,185,249,93,157,221,109,173,237,125,189,253
%N Zero followed by the terms of A023705 arranged to give the unique path to the nth node of a complete, rooted and ordered ternary tree.
%C There is no path to the root node so first node path is 0. All other paths are represented by the terms of A023705 that are base 4 numbers containing no zeros. Starting at the lowest order digit base 4, if this is 1 then the path from the root node is to the left, if it is 2 straight on and if it is 3 to the right. Each successive digit order defines the next path to be taken until the highest digit order is reached and the specified node found.
%H Adrian Rusu, <a href="http://cs.brown.edu/~rt/gdhandbook/chapters/trees.pdf">Tree Drawing Algorithms</a>, Rowan University.
%H Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, <a href="http://mathworld.wolfram.com/CompleteTernaryTree.html">Complete Ternary Tree</a>.
%e a(33)=39, so the path to the 33rd node is given by 39 and when represented as the base 4 number gives 213. Hence the path to the 33rd node from the root node is Right, Left, Straight.
%t tree=3; nest[{m2_, p2_}] := If[(mod=Mod[m2, tree])>1, (ind=mod1; {(m2+treemod)/tree, ind+p2*(tree+1)}), (ind=tree+mod1; {(m2mod)/tree, ind+p2*(tree+1)})]; Table[NestWhile[nest, {n, 0}, #[[1]]!=1 &][[2]], {n, 1, 100}]
%Y Cf. A023705.
%K nonn
%O 1,3
%A _Frank M Jackson_, Nov 13 2014
