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A242884 Least number k such that (k^k-n^n)/(k-n) is prime or 0 if no such number exists. 0


%S 2,1,1,3,3,7,3,0,0,11,5,0,4,0,0,7,16,0,1,0,281,0,19,0,0,0,7,0,35,0,1,

%T 0,113,0,29,91,19,0,19,0,23,0,0,0,0,37,65,0,0,0,0,0,153,0,199,0,0,115,

%U 0,0,0,0,319,0,47,0,0,0,13,0,47,0,0,0,539,0,0,0,0,0,13,0,147

%N Least number k such that (k^k-n^n)/(k-n) is prime or 0 if no such number exists.

%C a(n) = 0 is confirmed for k <= 5000. (Which means that the zeros are at present only conjectural. - _N. J. A. Sloane_, May 26 2014)

%C If a(i) = j, then a(j) <= i for all i and j.

%e (2^2-1^1)/(2-1) = 3 is prime. Thus a(1) = 2.

%o (PARI) a(n)=for(k=1,5000,if(k!=n,s=(k^k-n^n)/(k-n);if(floor(s)==s,if(ispseudoprime(s),return(k)))))

%o n=1;while(n<100,print(a(n));n+=1)

%K nonn,hard,more

%O 1,1

%A _Derek Orr_, May 25 2014

%E We don't normally allow conjectural terms, except in special circumstances. This is one of those exceptions, for if we included only terms that are known for certain, not much of this sequence would remain. - _N. J. A. Sloane_, May 31 2014

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Last modified August 4 20:00 EDT 2020. Contains 336202 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)