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A219052 Number of ways to write n = p + q(3 - (-1)^n)/2 with q <= n/2 and p, q, p^2 + q^2 - 1 all prime. 7
0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 1, 0, 2, 1, 1, 0, 2, 2, 0, 2, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 3, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 4, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 4, 0, 0, 3, 0, 1, 2, 2, 1, 3, 1, 2, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 4, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1, 0, 4, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 5, 4, 1, 3, 1, 1, 4, 1, 1, 2, 2 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,22

COMMENTS

Conjecture: a(n) > 0 for all n > 784.

This conjecture implies Goldbach's conjecture, Lemoine's conjecture, and that there are infinitely many primes of the form p^2 + q^2 - 1 with p and q both prime.

It has been verified for n up to 10^8.

Zhi-Wei Sun also made the following general conjecture: Let d be any odd integer not congruent to 1 modulo 3. Then, all large even numbers can be written as p + q with p, q, p^2 + q^2 + d all prime. If d is also not divisible by 5, then all large odd numbers can be represented as p + 2q with p, q, p^2 + q^2 + d all prime.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..20000

Zhi-Wei Sun, Conjectures involving primes and quadratic forms, arXiv preprint arXiv:1211.1588, 2012.

EXAMPLE

a(12) = 1 since {5, 7} is the only prime pair {p, q} for which  p + q = 12, and p^2 + q^2 - 1 is prime.

MATHEMATICA

a[n_] := a[n] = Sum[If[PrimeQ[n - (1 + Mod[n, 2])Prime[k]] == True && PrimeQ[Prime[k]^2 + (n - (1 + Mod[n, 2])Prime[k])^2 - 1] == True, 1, 0], {k, 1, PrimePi[n/2]}]; Do[Print[n, " ", a[n]], {n, 1, 20000}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040, A002375, A046927, A218754, A218585, A218654, A218825, A219023, A219026.

Sequence in context: A065252 A115211 A097516 * A060826 A078134 A282380

Adjacent sequences:  A219049 A219050 A219051 * A219053 A219054 A219055

KEYWORD

nonn,nice

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Nov 10 2012

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 2 09:22 EDT 2021. Contains 346422 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)