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A176351 Numbers n such that 2*3^n + 1 is a primitive prime factor of 10^3^n - 1. 0
4, 180, 320, 5480, 12096, 17720, 82780, 1175232 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Consider the problem of finding the smallest number k such that the decimal representation of 1/k has period 3^e for a given e. The number k is usually 3^(e+2). However, if e is one of the n in this sequence, then the prime 2*3^n+1 is a smaller k. The first instance of these exceptions is 1/163, which has a period of 81.

Subsequence of A003306.

10 must be a square residue modulo 2*3^n + 1, implying that n must be a multiple of 4.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..8.

MATHEMATICA

Select[Range[10000], PrimeQ[1+2*3^# ] && MultiplicativeOrder[10, 1+2*3^# ] == 3^# &]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A003306 (primes of the form 2*3^n+1), A003060 (least k such that 1/k has period n).

Sequence in context: A041945 A300387 A082393 * A330771 A263436 A269195

Adjacent sequences:  A176348 A176349 A176350 * A176352 A176353 A176354

KEYWORD

hard,more,nonn

AUTHOR

T. D. Noe, Apr 15 2010

EXTENSIONS

Two more terms from Max Alekseyev, May 03 2010

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 21 01:46 EDT 2021. Contains 347596 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)