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 A175529 a(n) = a(n-1) + s, where s is the least square >= a(n-1) and the first digit of s equals the first digit of a(n-1). a(0)=1. 0
 1, 2, 27, 252, 508, 1037, 2126, 4335, 8691, 17527, 35216, 70560, 141316, 282692, 565716, 1132725, 2266950, 4534986, 9071886, 18144030, 36291630, 72592255, 145199696, 290402196, 580831960, 1161690161, 2323409217, 4646842021, 9293718245, 18587449461, 37174954357, 74350264838 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,2 COMMENTS The fitting formula for n >= 3 is a(n) = 252*2^(n-3) + K, where K = 0, 4, 29, 110, 303, 627, 1399, 2960, 6048, 12292, 24644, 49620, 100533, ... for n >= 3. It appears that the distances between square roots of the squares s in {a(n)} are irregular; e.g., a(6) = 1 + 1^2 + 5^2 + 15^2 + 16^2 + 23^2 + 33^2. There are variants of this sequence: i) If s is the least positive integer >= a(n-1) and the first digit of s = first digit of a(n-1) then for a(0)=1 we have a(n) = 2^n. ii) If s is the least even number >= a(n-1) and the first digit of s = first digit of a(n-1) then for a(0)=11 we have a(n) = 12*2^n - 1. iii) If s is the least odd number >= a(n-1) and the first digit of s = first digit of a(n-1) then for a(0)=23 we have a(n) = 23*2^n + floor(2^n/3). iv) I did not find simple formulas for sequences where s is the least Fibonacci, triangular, or factorial number >= a(n-1) and the first digit of s = first digit of a(n-1). LINKS Table of n, a(n) for n=0..31. EXAMPLE a(0)=1, s=1, a(1)=2, s=25, a(2)=27, s=225, a(3)=252, s=256, a(4)=508, etc. PROG (PARI) f(n) = if (issquare(n), n, my(d=digits(n)[1], k=sqrtint(n)+1); while(digits(k^2)[1] != d, k++); k^2); lista(nn) = my(va = vector(nn)); va[1] = 1; for (n=2, nn, va[n] = va[n-1] + f(va[n-1]); ); va; \\ Michel Marcus, Mar 15 2022 CROSSREFS Sequence in context: A216087 A049070 A197316 * A267547 A302174 A195604 Adjacent sequences: A175526 A175527 A175528 * A175530 A175531 A175532 KEYWORD nonn,base AUTHOR Ctibor O. Zizka, Dec 03 2010 EXTENSIONS More terms from Michel Marcus, Mar 15 2022 STATUS approved

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Last modified August 4 08:16 EDT 2024. Contains 374905 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)