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A103226 Moebius function mu(n+ki) defined for the Gaussian integers. The table begins with n=k=0 and is read by antidiagonals. 3
0, 1, 1, 0, -1, 0, -1, -1, -1, -1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, -1, -1, -1, -1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, -1, -1, -1, 0, 0, -1, -1, -1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, -1, 1, -1, -1, 1, -1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, -1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, -1, -1, 1, -1, 1, -1, -1, 1, -1, 1, -1, -1, 0, 1, 0, -1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, -1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, -1, -1, -1, 1, 1, -1, -1, -1, 0, 1, 1, 0, -1, 0 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

The usual definition of the Moebius function is used, except that Gaussian primes are used instead of rational primes. Consider the diagonal (a-b)+bi of Gaussian integers for 0<=b<=a. It appears that the diagonals for a=1, 3, 5 and 11 are the only ones containing just -1 and 1; these Gaussian integers are all squarefree. Interestingly, as shown in A103227, for all n there is some 0<=k<=12 such that n+ki is a squarefull Gaussian integer.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..108.

T. D. Noe, Plot of the Moebius function for Gaussian Integers

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Moebius Function

EXAMPLE

The table is symmetric and begins

   0  1  0 -1  0  1  0 -1  0  0  0

   1 -1 -1  1 -1  1 -1  0  1  1 -1

   0 -1  0 -1  0 -1  0 -1  0  1  0

  -1  1 -1  1  0  1  1  1 -1 -1 -1

   0 -1  0  0  0 -1  0  1  0 -1  0

   1  1 -1  1 -1 -1 -1  1 -1  1  0

   0 -1  0  1  0 -1  0  1  0  1  0

  -1  0 -1  1  1  1  1  1 -1 -1 -1

   0  1  0 -1  0 -1  0 -1  0  1  0

   0  1  1 -1 -1  1  1 -1  1  0 -1

   0 -1  0 -1  0  0  0 -1  0 -1  0

MATHEMATICA

moebius[z_] := Module[{f, mu}, If[z==0, mu=0, If[Abs[z]==1, mu=1, f=FactorInteger[z, GaussianIntegers->True]; If[Abs[f[[1, 1]]]==1, f=Drop[f, 1]]; mu=1; Do[If[f[[i, 2]]==1, mu=-mu, mu=0], {i, Length[f]}]]]; mu]; Flatten[Table[z=(n-k)+k*I; moebius[z], {n, 0, 15}, {k, 0, n}]]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A103227 (least k such that (2n-1)+ki is squarefull).

Sequence in context: A048820 A144101 A127000 * A080886 A217207 A083924

Adjacent sequences:  A103223 A103224 A103225 * A103227 A103228 A103229

KEYWORD

nice,sign,tabl

AUTHOR

T. D. Noe, Jan 26 2005

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 3 08:29 EDT 2022. Contains 357231 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)