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A033997 Numbers n such that sum of first n primes is a square. 5


%S 9,2474,6694,7785,709838,126789311423

%N Numbers n such that sum of first n primes is a square.

%C Szabolcs Tengely asks if this sequence is infinite (see Lorentz Center paper). Luca shows that this sequence is of asymptotic density 0. Cilleruelo & Luca give a lower bound. - _Charles R Greathouse IV_, Feb 01 2013

%D Florian Luca, On the sum of the first n primes being a square, Lithuanian Mathematical Journal 47:3 (2007), pp 243-247.

%H Jan-Hendrik Evertse, <a href="http://www.math.leidenuniv.nl/~evertse/07-workshop-problems.pdf">Some open problems about Diophantine equations</a>, Solvability of Diophantine Equations conference, Lorentz Center of Leiden University, The Netherlands.

%H Javier Cilleruelo and Florian Luca, <a href="http://digital.csic.es/bitstream/10261/31070/1/Sum%2520of%2520primes.pdf">On the sum of the first n primes</a>, Q. J. Math. 59:4 (2008), 14 pp.

%H G. L. Honaker Jr. and C. Caldwell, <a href="http://primes.utm.edu/curios/page.php?curio_id=179">Prime Curios!: 9</a>

%H C. Rivera, PrimePuzzles.Net, <a href="http://www.primepuzzles.net/puzzles/puzz_009.htm">Problem 9: Sum of first k primes is perfect square</a>

%F a(n) = pi(A033998(n)).

%e Sum of first 9 primes is 2+3+5+7+11+13+17+19+23 = 100, which is square, so 9 is in the sequence.

%t p = 2; s = 0; lst = {}; While[p < 10^7, s = s + p; If[ IntegerQ@ Sqrt@ s, AppendTo[lst, PrimePi@ p]; Print@ lst]; p = NextPrime@ p] (* Zak Seidov, Apr 11 2011 *)

%o (PARI) n=0;s=0;forprime(p=2,1e6,n++;if(issquare(s+=p),print1(n", "))) \\ _Charles R Greathouse IV_, Feb 01 2013

%Y Cf. A000040, A033998, A061888, A061890 (associated squares).

%K nonn

%O 1,1

%A Calculated by _Jud McCranie_

%E 126789311423 from _Giovanni Resta_, May 27 2003

%E Edited by _Ray Chandler_, Mar 20 2007

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Last modified September 24 23:13 EDT 2020. Contains 337325 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)