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 A003019 Number of distinct values taken by 4^4^...^4 (with n 4's and parentheses inserted in all possible ways). (Formerly M1179) 17
 1, 1, 2, 4, 9, 20, 48, 114, 282, 703, 1787, 4583, 11900, 31131, 82117, 217954, 581970, 1561704, 4210263, 11396488, 30963024, 84402984, 230779071, 632762424, 1739387089 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,3 COMMENTS See also the Four Fours puzzle [Bourke]. Four fours is a mathematical puzzle. The goal of four fours is to find the simplest mathematical expression for every whole number from 0 to some maximum, using only common mathematical symbols and the digit four (no other digit is allowed). The subsequence of primes begins 2, 1787, 4583, no more through a(23). [Jonathan Vos Post, Apr 02 2011] REFERENCES N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence). LINKS Table of n, a(n) for n=1..25. R. K. Guy and J. L. Selfridge, The nesting and roosting habits of the laddered parenthesis, Amer. Math. Monthly 80 (8) (1973), 868-876. Paul Bourke, Four Fours Problem. Index entries for sequences related to parenthesizing MathOverflow discussion of related questions CROSSREFS Cf. A002845, A003018, A145545, A145546, A145547, A145548, A145549, A145550, A000081. Sequence in context: A186952 A034823 A036625 * A036626 A036722 A318800 Adjacent sequences: A003016 A003017 A003018 * A003020 A003021 A003022 KEYWORD nonn,nice,more AUTHOR N. J. A. Sloane EXTENSIONS a(12)-a(23) from Jon E. Schoenfield, Oct 11 2008 a(24)-a(25) from Marek Hubal, Mar 01 2019 STATUS approved

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Last modified May 18 09:54 EDT 2024. Contains 372620 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)