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 A171549 a(n) is the n-th "strange number", where "strange numbers" are defined as follows: using every other Fibonacci number (starting with offset 1), the shortest way to add up these Fibonacci numbers so that the sum equals n, where the digits are indices in the "every other Fibonacci number" sequence. 1
 1, 2, 21, 22, 3, 31, 32, 321, 322, 33, 331, 332, 4, 41, 42, 421, 422, 43, 431, 432, 4321, 4322, 433, 4331, 4332, 44, 441, 442, 4421, 4422, 443, 4431, 4432, 5, 51, 52, 521, 522, 53, 531, 532, 5321, 5322, 533, 5331, 5332, 54, 541, 542, 5421, 5422, 543, 5431, 5432 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,2 COMMENTS We can also find these numbers as follows: We have an alphabet {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ...}, and a number known as the "limit", initially set to 1. to describe the first number, we use the first character of the alphabet: 1 to describe 2, we have to increase the limit and define a new character: 2 to describe 3, the limit is now 2, so we may use two characters. 2+1 = 3, therefore: 21 to describe 4, we use 22 to describe 5, we need a new character: 3. the limit is now increased to 3. etc. See the Zeckendorf expansion of n (A035517) for a similar expansion. - N. J. A. Sloane, Dec 12 2009 LINKS MAPLE Contribution from R. J. Mathar, Oct 23 2010: (Start) read("transforms") ; A130234 := proc(n) local m, N, a, i ; for m from 0 do if combinat[fibonacci](m) >= n then break ; end if; end do; m ; end proc: A171549 := proc(n) local m, N, a, i ; m := A130234(n) ; if type(m, 'odd') then m := m+1 ; end if; N := n ; a := 0 ; while N >0 do for i from m to 1 by -1 do if N >= combinat[fibonacci](2*i-1) then N := N- combinat[fibonacci](2*i-1) ; a := digcat2(a, i) ; break ; end if; end do: end do: return a; end proc: seq(A171549(n), n=1..80) ; (End) PROG (Other) Java: // fib(n) gives fibonacci number n. public static String S(int n) { int max; for (max = 0; fib(max) < n; max += 2); int num = n; String out = ""; while (num > 0) { for (int i = max; i>0; i--) if (num >= fib(2*i-1)) { num -= fib(2*i-1); out += (char)('0' + i); break; } } return out; } CROSSREFS Sequence in context: A074769 A140268 A106422 * A077678 A037309 A037315 Adjacent sequences:  A171546 A171547 A171548 * A171550 A171551 A171552 KEYWORD nonn,base AUTHOR Jonas Hoeglund (firefly(AT)firefly.nu), Dec 11 2009 EXTENSIONS Extended by R. J. Mathar, Oct 23 2010 STATUS approved

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