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A162448 Numerators of the column sums of the LG1 matrix 8
-11, 863, -215641, 41208059, -9038561117, 28141689013943, -2360298440602051, 3420015713873670001, -147239749512798268300237, 176556159649301309969405807, -178564975300377173768513546347 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)



The LG1 matrix coefficients are defined by LG1[2m,1] = 2*lambda(2m+1) for m = 1, 2, .. , and the recurrence relation LG1[2*m,n] = LG1[2*m-2,n-1]/((2*n-3)*(2*n-1)) - (2*n-3)*LG1[2*m,n-1]/(2*n-1) with m = .. , -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, .. and n = 1, 2, 3, .. , under the condition that n <= m. As usual lambda(m) = (1-2^(-m))*zeta(m) with zeta(m) the Riemann zeta function. For the LG2 matrix, the even counterpart of the LG1 matrix, see A008956.

These two formulas enable us to determine the values of the LG1[2*m,n] coefficients, with m all integers and n all positive integers, but not for all. If we choose, somewhat but not entirely arbitrarily, LG1[0,1] = gamma, with gamma the Euler-Mascheroni constant, we can determine them all.

The coefficients in the columns of the LG1 matrix, for m >= 1 and n >= 2, can be generated with GFL(z;n) = (hg(n)*CFN2(z;n)*GFL(z;n=1) + LAMBDA(z;n))/pg(n) with pg(n) = 6*(2*n-3)!!*(2*n-1)!!*A160476(n) and hg(n) = 6*A160476(n). For the CFN2(z;n) and the LAMBDA(z;n) see A160487.

The values of the column sums cs(n) = sum(LG1[2*m,n], m = 0.. infinity), for n >= 2, can be determined with the first Maple program. In this program we have made use of the remarkable fact that if we take LGx[2*m,n] = 2, for m >= 0, and LGx[ -2,n] = LG1[ -2,n] and assume that the recurrence relation remains the same we find that the column sums of this new matrix converge to the same values as the original cs(n).

The LG1[2*m,n] matrix coefficients can be generated with the second Maple program.

The LG1 matrix is related to the LS1 matrix, see A160487 and the formulas below.


Table of n, a(n) for n=2..12.

M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, eds., Handbook of Mathematical Functions, National Bureau of Standards, Applied Math. Series 55, Tenth Printing, 1972, Chapter 23, pp. 811-812.


a(n) = numer(cs(n)) and denom(cs(n)) = A162449(n).

with cs(n) = sum(LG1[2*m,n], m = 0 .. infinity) for n >= 2.

GFL(z;n) = sum( LG1[2*m,n]*z^(2*m-2),m=1..infinity)

GFL(z;n) = (LG1[ -2,n-1])/((2*n-3)*(2*n-1))+(z^2/((2*n-3)*(2*n-1))-(2*n-3)/(2*n-1))*GFL(z;n-1) with GFL(z;n=1) = -2*Psi(1-z)+Psi(1-(z/2))-(Pi/2)*tan(Pi*z/2)

LG1[ -2,n] = (-1)^(n+1)*4*(A061549(n-1)/A001790(n-1))*(A002197(n-1)/A002198(n-1))

LG1[2*m,n] = (4^(n-1)/((2*n-1)*binomial(2*n-2,n-1)))*LS1[2*m,n]


The first few generating functions GFL(z;n) are:

GFL(z;2) = (6*(z^2-1)*GFL(z;1)+(1))/18

GFL(z;3) = (60*(z^4-10*z^2+9)*GFL(z;1)+(-107+10*z^2))/2700

GFL(z;4) = (1260*(z^6-35*z^4+259*z^2-225)*GFL(z;1)+(59845-7497*z^2+210*z^4))/ 1984500


nmax := 12; mmax := nmax: for n from 0 to nmax do cfn2(n, 0) := 1: cfn2(n, n) := (doublefactorial(2*n-1))^2 od: for n from 1 to nmax do for k from 1 to n-1 do cfn2(n, k) := (2*n-1)^2*cfn2(n-1, k-1)+cfn2(n-1, k) od: od: for n from 1 to nmax do Delta(n-1) := sum((1-2^(2*k1-1))*(-1)^(n+1)*(-bernoulli(2*k1)/(2*k1))*(-1)^(k1+n)*cfn2(n-1, n-k1), k1=1..n)/ (2*4^(n-1)*(2*n-1)!) od: for n from 1 to nmax do LG1[ -2, n] := (-1)^(n+1)*4*Delta(n-1)* 4^(2*n-2)/binomial(2*n-2, n-1) od: for n from 1 to nmax do LGx[ -2, n] := LG1[ -2, n] od: for m from 0 to mmax do LGx[2*m, 1] := 2 od: for n from 2 to nmax do for m from 0 to mmax do LGx[2*m, n] := LGx[2*m-2, n-1]/((2*n-3)*(2*n-1)) - (2*n-3)*LGx[2*m, n-1]/(2*n-1) od: od: for n from 2 to nmax do s(n) := 0; for m from 0 to mmax-1 do s(n) := s(n) + LGx[2*m, n] od: od: seq(s(n), n=2..nmax);

# End program 1

nmax1:=5; ncol:=3; Digits:=20: mmax1:=nmax1: for n from 0 to nmax1 do cfn2(n, 0):=1: cfn2(n, n) := (doublefactorial(2*n-1))^2 od: for n from 1 to nmax1 do for k from 1 to n-1 do cfn2(n, k) := (2*n-1)^2*cfn2(n-1, k-1) + cfn2(n-1, k) od: od: for m from 1 to mmax1 do LG1[ -2*m, 1] := (((2^(2*m-1)-1)*bernoulli(2*m)/m)) od: LG1[0, 1] := evalf(gamma): for m from 2 to mmax1 do LG1[2*m-2, 1] := evalf(2*(1-2^(-2*m+1))*Zeta(2*m-1)) od: for m from -mmax1+ncol-1 to mmax1-1 do LG1[2*m, ncol] := sum((-1)^(k1+1)*cfn2(ncol-1, k1-1)* LG1[2*m-(2*ncol-2*k1), 1], k1=1..ncol)/(doublefactorial(2*ncol-3)*doublefactorial(2*ncol-1)) od;

# End program 2

# Maple programs edited by Johannes W. Meijer, Sep 25 2012


See A162449 for the denominators of the column sums.

The LAMBDA(z, n) polynomials and the LS1 matrix lead to the Lambda triangle A160487.

The CFN2(z, n), the cfn2(n, k) and the LG2 matrix lead to A008956.

The pg(n) and hg(n) sequences lead to A160476.

The LG1[ -2, n] lead to A002197, A002198, A061549 and A001790.

Cf. A001620 (gamma) and A079484 ((2n-1)!!*(2n+1)!!).

Cf. A162440 (EG1 matrix), A162443 (BG1 matrix) and A162446 (ZG1 matrix)

Sequence in context: A100369 A196426 A238715 * A024150 A052071 A176709

Adjacent sequences:  A162445 A162446 A162447 * A162449 A162450 A162451




Johannes W. Meijer, Jul 06 2009



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Last modified April 25 23:48 EDT 2019. Contains 322465 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)