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A161206 V-toothpick (or honeycomb) sequence (see Comments lines for definition). 26
0, 1, 3, 7, 13, 21, 31, 43, 57, 69, 81, 99, 123, 153, 183, 211, 241, 261, 273, 291, 317, 351, 393, 443, 499, 553, 597, 645, 709, 791, 871, 939, 1005, 1041, 1053, 1071, 1097, 1131, 1173, 1223, 1281, 1339, 1393, 1459, 1549, 1663, 1789, 1911, 2031, 2133, 2193 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

A V-toothpick is constructed from two toothpicks of length 1 with a 120-degree angle between them, forming a V.

On the infinite hexagonal grid, we start at round 0 with no V-toothpicks.

At round 1 we place a V-toothpick anywhere in the plane.

At round 2 we place two other V-toothpicks. Note that, after round 2, in the structure there are three V-toothpicks, with seven 120-degree angles and one 240-degree angle.

At round 3 we place four other V-toothpicks.

And so on...

The structure looks like an unfinished honeycomb.

The sequence gives the number of V-toothpicks after n rounds. A161207 (the first differences) gives the number added at the n-th round.

See the entry A139250 for more information about the growth of toothpicks.

Note that, on the infinite hexagonal grid, a V-toothpick can be represented as a polyedge with two components. In this case, at n-th round, the structure is a polyedge with 2*a(n) components (or 2*a(n) toothpicks).

In the structure we can see distinct closed polygonal regions with side length equal to 1, for example: regular hexagons, concave decagons, concave dodecagons.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..50.

David Applegate, The movie version

David Applegate, Omar E. Pol and N. J. A. Sloane, The Toothpick Sequence and Other Sequences from Cellular Automata

Omar E. Pol, Illustration of initial terms of A160120, A161206, A161328, A161330.

N. J. A. Sloane, Catalog of Toothpick and Cellular Automata Sequences in the OEIS

Index entries for sequences related to toothpick sequences

Index entries for sequences related to cellular automata

CROSSREFS

Cf. A139250, A160120, A160172, A161207, A161328, A161330.

Sequence in context: A169627 A102508 A115298 * A025728 A084537 A002061

Adjacent sequences:  A161203 A161204 A161205 * A161207 A161208 A161209

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Omar E. Pol, Jun 08 2009

EXTENSIONS

Terms beyond a(19) from R. J. Mathar, Jan 21 2010

STATUS

approved

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Last modified March 28 11:45 EDT 2017. Contains 284186 sequences.