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A160438 Number of partitions of n*(n+1)/2 with at most four parts that can be obtained from grouping (with parentheses) a permutation of the sum 1+2+...+n 4
1, 1, 2, 5, 13, 35, 93, 215, 437, 815, 1436, 2413, 3886, 6041, 9125, 13436, 19323, 27221, 37670, 51293, 68797, 91025, 118982, 153797, 196721, 249206, 312935, 389761, 481709, 591080, 720485, 872763, 1050980, 1258565, 1499351, 1777462 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

a(n) is the number of integer quadruples (x,y,z,w) with x >= y >= z >= w >= 0 and x+y+z+w = n*(n+1)/2 such that the set {1,2,...,n} can be partitioned into four (possibly empty) subsets with respective element sums x, y, z, w.

LINKS

H. v. Eitzen, Table of n, a(n) for n=0..5262 (i.e. a(n) less than 2^64)

"AI", (sci.math thread that inspired investigating the sequence)

H. v. Eitzen, How to Build Triangles from Integers

FORMULA

If n >= 8 then a(n) = A001400(n*(n+1)/2) - 2*A011848(n+1) - 5.

EXAMPLE

For n = 3 the a(3) = 5 solutions are 6 = (1+2+3), 5+1 = (2+3)+(1), 4+2 = (1+3)+(2), 3+3 = (3)+(1+2), 3+2+1 = (3)+(2)+(1). Note that 3+3 = (1+2)+(3) is the same as (3)+(1+2) as both are 3+3.

For n = 6 the partition 10+4+4+3 is *not* among the a(6) = 93 solutions because 4 can only come from grouping either (4) or (1+3), hence both groupings would have to occur; but (1+3) conflicts with both possible groupings (3) and (1+2) which could produce 3.

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A048781 A291242 A097919 * A240609 A054657 A024576

Adjacent sequences:  A160435 A160436 A160437 * A160439 A160440 A160441

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Hagen von Eitzen, May 13 2009

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 19 14:52 EDT 2019. Contains 323395 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)