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A080846 Fixed point of the morphism 0->010, 1->011, starting from a(1) = 0. 14
0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1

COMMENTS

A cubefree word.

A generalized choral sequence c(3n+r_0)=0, c(3n+r_1)=1, c(3n+r_c)=c(n), with r_0=0, r_1=1, and r_c=2. - Joel Reyes Noche (joel.noche(AT)up.edu.ph), Jul 09 2009

From Joerg Arndt, Apr 15 2010: (Start)

Turns (by 120 degrees) of the terdragon curve which can be rendered as follows:

[Init] Set n=0 and direction=0.

[Draw] Draw a unit line (in the current direction). Turn left/right if a(n) is zero/nonzero respectively.

[Next] Set n=n+1 and goto (draw).

See fxtbook link below.

(End)

REFERENCES

J. Berstel and J. Karhumaki, Combinatorics on words - a tutorial, Bull. EATCS, #79 (2003), pp. 178-228.

J. R. Noche, Generalized Choral Sequences, Matimyas Matematika, 31(2008), 25-28. [From Joel Reyes Noche (joel.noche(AT)up.edu.ph), Jul 09 2009]

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..105.

Joerg Arndt Matters Computational (The Fxtbook), section 1.31.4, pp. 92-95; dragon curve picture on p. 93.

Jean Berstel, Home Page

Dimitri Hendriks, Frits G. W. Dannenberg, Jorg Endrullis, Mark Dow and Jan Willem Klop, Arithmetic Self-Similarity of Infinite Sequences, arXiv preprint 1201.3786 [math.CO], 2012.

Index entries for sequences that are fixed points of mappings

FORMULA

a(n) = (A062756(n) - A062756(n+1) + 1)/2, where A062756(n) is the number of 1's in the ternary expansion of n. From formula in A062756: g.f.: A(x) = 1/(1-x)/2 - Sum_{k>=0} x^(3^k-1)/(1+x^(3^k)+x^(2*3^k))/2. - Paul D. Hanna, Feb 24 2006

Given g.f. A(x) then B(x) = x * A(x) satisfies B(x) = x^2 / (1 - x^3) + B(x^3). - Michael Somos, Jul 29 2009

a(3*n) = 0, a(3*n + 1) = 1, a(3*n - 1) = a(n - 1). - Michael Somos, Jul 29 2009

a(n) = -1 + A060236(n). - Joerg Arndt, Jan 21 2013

EXAMPLE

Start: 0

Rules:

0 --> 010

1 --> 011

-------------

0: (#=1)

0

1: (#=3)

010

2: (#=9)

010011010

3: (#=27)

010011010010011011010011010

4: (#=81)

010011010010011011010011010010011010010011011010011011010011010010011011010011010

MAPLE

a:= proc(n) option remember; local m, r;

r:= irem(n, 3, 'm');

`if`(r<2, r, a(m))

end:

seq(a(n), n=0..1000);

MATHEMATICA

Nest[Flatten[ # /. {0 -> {0, 1, 0}, 1 -> {0, 1, 1}}] &, {0}, 5]

PROG

(PARI) {a(n)=if(n<1, 0, polcoeff(1/(1-x)/2-sum(k=0, ceil(log(n+1)/log(3)), x^(3^k-1)/(1+x^(3^k)+x^(2*3^k)+x*O(x^n)))/2, n))} \\ Paul D. Hanna, Feb 24 2006

(PARI) {a(n) = if( n<1, 0, n++; n / 3^valuation(n, 3) % 3 -1 )} /* Michael Somos, Jul 29 2009 */

(C++) /* CAT algorithm */

bool bit_dragon3_turn(ulong &x)

/* Increment the radix-3 word x and return whether

the number of ones in x is decreased. */

{

ulong s = 0;

while ( (x & 3) == 2 ) { x >>= 2; ++s; } /* scan over nines */

bool tr = ( (x & 3) != 0 ); /* incremented word will have one less 1 */

++x; /* increment next digit */

x <<= (s<<1); /* shift back */

return tr;

} /* Joerg Arndt, Apr 15 2010 */

CROSSREFS

Cf. A137893 (complement), A060236 (as 1,2), A343785 (as +-1), A189640 (essentially the same).

Cf. A062756, A026179 (indices of 1's except n=1), A189672 (partial sums).

Cf. A189628 (guide).

Sequence in context: A245938 A176405 A084091 * A082401 A157238 A337546

Adjacent sequences: A080843 A080844 A080845 * A080847 A080848 A080849

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, Mar 29 2003

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Wouter Meeussen, Apr 01 2003

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 28 10:02 EST 2022. Contains 358411 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)