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A077436 Let B(n) be the sum of binary digits of n. This sequence contains n such that B(n) = B(n^2). 24
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 12, 14, 15, 16, 24, 28, 30, 31, 32, 48, 56, 60, 62, 63, 64, 79, 91, 96, 112, 120, 124, 126, 127, 128, 157, 158, 159, 182, 183, 187, 192, 224, 240, 248, 252, 254, 255, 256, 279, 287, 314, 316, 317, 318, 319, 351, 364, 365, 366, 374, 375, 379, 384 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

Superset of A023758.

A159918(a(n)) = A000120(a(n)). - Reinhard Zumkeller, Apr 25 2009

Hare, Laishram, & Stoll show that this sequence contains infinitely many odd numbers. In particular for each k in {12, 13, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, ...} there are infinitely many terms in this sequence with binary digit sum k. - Charles R Greathouse IV, Aug 25 2015

LINKS

Reinhard Zumkeller, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10476, all terms <= 2^20

K. G. Hare, S. Laishram, and T. Stoll, The sum of digits of n and n^2, International Journal of Number Theory 7:7 (2011), pp. 1737-1752.

Giuseppe Melfi, On simultaneous binary expansions of n and n^2, arXiv:math/0402458 [math.NT], 2004.

Giuseppe Melfi, Su alcune successioni di interi (English with an Italian title)

EXAMPLE

The element 79 belongs to the sequence because 79=(1001111) and 79^2=(1100001100001), so B(79)=B(79^2)

MAPLE

select(t -> convert(convert(t, base, 2), `+`) = convert(convert(t^2, base, 2), `+`), [$0..1000]); # Robert Israel, Aug 27 2015

MATHEMATICA

t={}; Do[If[DigitCount[n, 2, 1] == DigitCount[n^2, 2, 1], AppendTo[t, n]], {n, 0, 364}]; t

f[n_] := Total@ IntegerDigits[n, 2]; Select[Range[0, 384], f@ # == f[#^2] &] (* Michael De Vlieger, Aug 27 2015 *)

PROG

(Haskell)

import Data.List (elemIndices)

import Data.Function (on)

a077436 n = a077436_list !! (n-1)

a077436_list = elemIndices 0

   $ zipWith ((-) `on` a000120) [0..] a000290_list

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Apr 12 2011

(PARI) is(n)=hammingweight(n)==hammingweight(n^2) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Aug 25 2015

(MAGMA) [n: n in [0..400] | &+Intseq(n, 2) eq &+Intseq(n^2, 2)]; // Vincenzo Librandi, Aug 30 2015

CROSSREFS

Cf. A058369, A000120, A000290, A083567, A211676 (number of n-bit numbers in this sequence).

A261586 is a subsequence.

Sequence in context: A257250 A258209 A300630 * A277704 A082752 A023758

Adjacent sequences:  A077433 A077434 A077435 * A077437 A077438 A077439

KEYWORD

easy,nonn,base

AUTHOR

Giuseppe Melfi, Nov 30 2002

EXTENSIONS

Initial 0 added by Reinhard Zumkeller, Apr 28 2012, Apr 12 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 22 16:58 EDT 2018. Contains 316490 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)