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A055487 Least m such that phi(m) = n!. 8
1, 3, 7, 35, 143, 779, 5183, 40723, 364087, 3632617, 39916801, 479045521, 6227180929, 87178882081, 1307676655073, 20922799053799, 355687465815361, 6402373865831809, 121645101106397521, 2432902011297772771, 51090942186005065121, 1124000727844660550281, 25852016739206547966721, 620448401734814833377121, 15511210043338862873694721, 403291461126645799820077057, 10888869450418352160768000001, 304888344611714964835479763201 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Erdős believed (see Guy reference) that phi(x) = n! is solvable.

Factorial primes of the form p = A002981(m)! + 1 = k! + 1 give the smallest solutions for some m (like m = 1,2,3,11) as follows: phi(p) = p-1 = A002981(m)!.

According to Tattersall, in 1950 H. Gupta showed that phi(x) = n! is always solvable. - Joseph L. Pe, Oct 01 2002

A123476(n) is a solution to the equation phi(x)=n!. - T. D. Noe, Sep 27 2006

From M. F. Hasler, Oct 04 2009: (Start)

Conjecture: Unless n!+1 is prime (i.e., n in A002981), a(n)=pq where p is the least prime > sqrt(n!) such that (p-1) | n! and q=n!/(p-1)+1 is prime.

Probably "least prime > sqrt(n!)" can also be replaced by "largest prime <= ceiling(sqrt(n!))". The case "= ceiling(...)" occurs for n=5, sqrt(120) = 10.95..., p=11, q=13.

a(n) is the first element in row n of the table A165773, which lists all solutions to phi(x)=n!. Thus a(n) = A165773((Sum_{k<n} A055506(k)) + 1). The last element of each row (i.e., the largest solution to phi(x)=n!) is given in A165774. (End)

REFERENCES

R. K. Guy, (1981): Unsolved problems In Number Theory, Springer - page 53.

Tattersall, J., "Elementary Number Theory in Nine Chapters", Cambridge University Press, 2001, p. 162.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..28.

Max A. Alekseyev, Computing the Inverses, their Power Sums, and Extrema for Euler's Totient and Other Multiplicative Functions. Journal of Integer Sequences, Vol. 19 (2016), Article 16.5.2.

P. Erdős and J. Lambek, Problem 4221, Amer. Math. Monthly, 55 (1948), 103.

FORMULA

a(n) = Min{m : phi(m) = n!} = Min{m : A000010(m) = A000142(n)}.

MATHEMATICA

Array[Block[{k = 1}, While[EulerPhi[k] != #, k++]; k] &[#!] &, 10] (* Michael De Vlieger, Jul 12 2018 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A055486, A055488, A055489, A055506, A000010, A000142.

Cf. A123476, A165773, A165774.

Sequence in context: A212417 A145874 A147681 * A121130 A006099 A240272

Adjacent sequences: A055484 A055485 A055486 * A055488 A055489 A055490

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Labos Elemer, Jun 28 2000

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Don Reble, Nov 05 2001

a(21)-a(28) from Max Alekseyev, Jul 09 2014

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 1 08:20 EST 2023. Contains 359992 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)