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A031164 Irreducible Euler sums of weight 8 and depth 10+2n. 4
1, 4, 15, 40, 99, 212, 429, 800, 1430, 2424, 3978, 6288, 9690, 14520, 21318, 30624, 43263, 60060, 82225, 110968, 148005, 195052, 254475, 328640, 420732, 533936, 672452, 840480, 1043460, 1286832, 1577532, 1922496, 2330445 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

a(n-9)=number of aperiodic necklaces (Lyndon words) with 8 black beads and n-8 white beads.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..32.

D. J. Broadhurst, On the enumeration of irreducible k-fold Euler sums and their roles in knot theory and field theory, arXiv:hep-th/9604128, 1996.

Index entries for sequences related to Lyndon words

FORMULA

G.f.: (1+x^2)/((1-x)*(1-x^2))^4

a(n) = [C(n+8,7)-(n%2)*C((n+7)/2,3)]/8, where C = binomial, n%2 = parity of n (=1 if odd, 0 else). - M. F. Hasler, May 02 2009

a(0)=1, a(1)=4, a(2)=15, a(3)=40, a(4)=99, a(5)=212, a(6)=429, a(7)=800, a(8)=1430, a(9)=2424, a(10)=3978, a(11)=6288, a(n) = 4*a(n-1)-2*a(n-2)-12*a(n-3)+17*a(n-4)+8*a(n-5)-28*a(n-6)+8*a(n-7)+17*a(n-8)-12*a(n-9)- 2*a(n-10)+4*a(n-11)-a(n-12). - Harvey P. Dale, Jun 20 2011

G.f.: ((-1+x)^-8-(-1+x^2)^-4)/(8*x). - Herbert Kociemba, Oct 16 2016

MATHEMATICA

Table[(Binomial[n+8, 7]-If[OddQ[n], 1, 0]Binomial[(n+7)/2, 3])/8, {n, 0, 40}] (* or *) CoefficientList[Series[(1+x^2)/((1-x)^8 (1+x)^4), {x, 0, 40}], x] (* Harvey P. Dale, Jun 20 2011 *)

PROG

(PARI) A031164(n)=(binomial(n+8, 7)-if(n%2, binomial(n\2+4, 3)))>>3 \\ M. F. Hasler, May 02 2009

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000031, A001037, A051168.

Cf. A032094. - M. F. Hasler, May 02 2009

Sequence in context: A053698 A162867 A059140 * A116600 A074033 A093920

Adjacent sequences:  A031161 A031162 A031163 * A031165 A031166 A031167

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

David Broadhurst

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 20 22:06 EDT 2018. Contains 316404 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)