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A019283 Let sigma_m (n) be result of applying sum-of-divisors function m times to n; call n (m,k)-perfect if sigma_m (n) = k*n; sequence gives the (2,6)-perfect numbers. 6
42, 84, 160, 336, 1344, 86016, 550095, 1376256, 5505024, 22548578304 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

If 2^p-1 is a Mersenne prime then m = 21*2^(p-1) is in the sequence. Because sigma(sigma(m)) = sigma(sigma(21*2^(p-1))) = sigma(32*(2^p-1)) = 63*2^p = 6*(21*2^(p-1)) = 6*m. So 21*(A000668+1)/2 is a subsequence of this sequence. This is the subsequence 42, 84, 336, 1344, 86016, 1376256, 5505024, 22548578304, 24211351596743786496, ... - Farideh Firoozbakht, Dec 05 2005

See also the Cohen-te Riele links under A019276.

No other terms < 5 * 10^11. - Jud McCranie, Feb 08 2012

Any odd perfect numbers must occur in this sequence, as such numbers must be in the intersection of A000396 and A326051, that is, satisfy both sigma(n) = 2n and sigma(2n) = 6n, thus in combination they must satisfy sigma(sigma(n)) = 6n. Note that any odd perfect number should occur also in A326181. - Antti Karttunen, Jun 16 2019

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..10.

Graeme L. Cohen and Herman J. J. te Riele, Iterating the sum-of-divisors function, Experimental Mathematics, 5 (1996), pp. 93-100.

Index entries for sequences where any odd perfect numbers must occur

MATHEMATICA

Do[If[DivisorSigma[1, DivisorSigma[1, n]]==6n, Print[n]], {n, 6000000}] (* Farideh Firoozbakht, Dec 05 2005 *)

PROG

(PARI) isok(n) = sigma(sigma(n))/n  == 6; \\ Michel Marcus, May 12 2016

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000668, A019278, A019279, A019282.

Cf. A000203, A000396, A005820, A051027, A326051, A326181.

Sequence in context: A172437 A160283 A325994 * A300603 A301328 A067296

Adjacent sequences:  A019280 A019281 A019282 * A019284 A019285 A019286

KEYWORD

nonn,more

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane

EXTENSIONS

a(10) by Jud McCranie, Feb 08 2012

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 15 21:17 EDT 2019. Contains 328038 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)