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 A006189 Number of self-avoiding walks of any length from NW to SW corners of a grid or lattice with n rows and 3 columns. (Formerly M2891) 8
 1, 1, 3, 11, 38, 126, 415, 1369, 4521, 14933, 49322, 162900, 538021, 1776961, 5868903, 19383671, 64019918, 211443426, 698350195, 2306494009, 7617832221, 25159990673, 83097804242, 274453403400, 906458014441, 2993827446721, 9887940354603, 32657648510531 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,3 COMMENTS a(n) = number of non-self-intersecting (or self-avoiding) paths from upper-left to lower-left of a grid of squares with 3 columns and n rows. E.g., for 3 columns and 2 rows, the paths are D, RDL, and RRDLL and the second a(n) = 3. The next a(n) = 11, which is the number of paths in a 3 X 3 grid: DD, DRDL, DRRDLL, DRURDDLL, RDDL, RDRDLL, RDLD, RRDDLL, RRDDLULD, RRDLDL, RRDLLD (where R=right, L=left, D=down, U=up). - Toby Gottfried, Mar 04 2013 REFERENCES H. L. Abbott and D. Hanson, A lattice path problem, Ars Combin., 6 (1978), 163-178. N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence). LINKS Andrew Howroyd, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..100 H. L. Abbott and D. Hanson, A lattice path problem, Ars Combin., 6 (1978), 163-178. (Annotated scanned copy) Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (4,-3,2,1). FORMULA a(n) = 4*a(n-1) - 3*a(n-2) + 2*a(n-3) + a(n-4) for n > 3. - Giovanni Resta, Mar 13 2013 G.f.: (1-x)*(1-2*x)/((1 - x + x^2)*(1 - 3*x - x^2)). - Colin Barker, Nov 17 2017 2*a(n) = A010892(n) + A052924(n). - R. J. Mathar, Sep 27 2020 a(n) = (1/2)*( ChebyshevU(n, 1/2) - ChebyshevU(n-1, 1/2) + i^n*( ChebyshevU(n, -3*i/2) + i*ChebyshevU(n-1, -3*i/2) ) ). - G. C. Greubel, May 24 2021 MATHEMATICA LinearRecurrence[{4, -3, 2, 1}, {1, 1, 3, 11, 38}, 100] (* Jean-François Alcover, Oct 08 2017 *) With[{U = ChebyshevU}, Table[(1/2)*(U[n, 1/2] -U[n-1, 1/2] + I^n*(U[n, -3*I/2] + I*U[n-1, -3*I/2]) ), {n, 0, 40}]] (* G. C. Greubel, May 24 2021 *) PROG (PARI) Vec((1-x)*(1-2*x)/((1-x+x^2)*(1-3*x-x^2)) + O(x^40)) \\ Colin Barker, Nov 17 2017 (Magma) I:=[1, 3, 11, 38];  cat [n le 4 select I[n] else 4*Self(n-1) -3*Self(n-2) +2*Self(n-3) +Self(n-4): n in [1..41]]; // G. C. Greubel, May 24 2021 (Sage) u=chebyshev_U; [(1/2)*( u(n, 1/2) - u(n-1, 1/2) + i^n*(u(n, -3*i/2) + i*u(n-1, -3*i/2)) ) for n in (0..30)] # G. C. Greubel, May 24 2021 CROSSREFS Column 3 of A271465. Cf. A005409 (grids with 3 rows), A001333. Cf. A214931 (grids with 4 rows). Cf. A216211 (grids with 4 columns). Sequence in context: A265796 A129962 A026361 * A092201 A273526 A026943 Adjacent sequences:  A006186 A006187 A006188 * A006190 A006191 A006192 KEYWORD nonn,walk,easy AUTHOR EXTENSIONS Based on upper-left to lower-left path-counting program, more terms from Toby Gottfried, Mar 04 2013 Name clarified, offset changed, a(16)-a(25) from Andrew Howroyd, Apr 07 2016 a(0)=1 prepended by Colin Barker, Nov 17 2017 STATUS approved

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Last modified October 5 14:56 EDT 2022. Contains 357259 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)