

A001203


Simple continued fraction expansion of Pi.
(Formerly M2646 N1054)


52



3, 7, 15, 1, 292, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 14, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 84, 2, 1, 1, 15, 3, 13, 1, 4, 2, 6, 6, 99, 1, 2, 2, 6, 3, 5, 1, 1, 6, 8, 1, 7, 1, 2, 3, 7, 1, 2, 1, 1, 12, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 8, 1, 1, 2, 1, 6, 1, 1, 5, 2, 2, 3, 1, 2, 4, 4, 16, 1, 161, 45, 1, 22, 1, 2, 2, 1, 4, 1, 2, 24, 1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 2, 1
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OFFSET

0,1


COMMENTS

The first 5821569425 terms were computed by Eric W. Weisstein on Sep 18 2011.
The first 10672905501 terms were computed by Eric W. Weisstein on Jul 17 2013.
The first 15000000000 terms were computed by Eric W. Weisstein on Jul 27 2013.
The first 30113021586 terms were computed by Syed Fahad on Apr 27 2021.


REFERENCES

P. Beckmann, "A History of Pi".
C. Brezinski, History of Continued Fractions and Padé Approximants, SpringerVerlag, 1991; pp. 151152.
J. R. Goldman, The Queen of Mathematics, 1998, p. 50.
R. S. Lehman, A Study of Regular Continued Fractions. Report 1066, Ballistic Research Laboratories, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, Feb 1959.
G. Lochs, Die ersten 968 Kettenbruchnenner von Pi. Monatsh. Math. 67 1963 311316.
C. D. Olds, Continued Fractions, Random House, NY, 1963; front cover of paperback edition.
N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).
N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).


LINKS

N. J. A. Sloane, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..19999 [from the Plouffe web page]
James Barton, Simple Continued Fraction Expansion of Pi [From Lekraj Beedassy, Oct 27 2008]
E. Bombieri and A. J. van der Poorten, Continued fractions of algebraic numbers
K. Y. Choong, D. E. Daykin and C. R. Rathbone, Regular continued fractions for pi and gamma, Math. Comp., 25 (1971), 403.
Francesco Dolce and PierreAdrien Tahay, Column representation of Sturmian words in cellular automata, Czech Technical University (Prague, Czechia, 2022).
Exploratorium, 180 million terms of the simple CFE of pi
Syed Fahad, 30 billion terms of the simple continued fraction of Pi
Bill Gosper, answer to: Did Gosper or the Borweins first prove Ramanujans formula?, StackExchange, April 2020.
Bill Gosper and Julian Ziegler Hunts, Animation
B. Gourevitch, L'univers de Pi
Hans Havermann, Simple Continued Fraction for Pi [a 483 MB file containing 180 million terms]
Hans Havermann, Binary plot of 2^10 terms
Maxim Sølund Kirsebom, Extreme Value Theory for Hurwitz Complex Continued Fractions, Entropy (2021) Vol. 23, No. 7, 840.
Antony Lee, Diophantine Approximation and Dynamical Systems, Master's Thesis, Lund University (Sweden 2020).
Sophie MorierGenoud and Valentin Ovsienko, On qdeformed real numbers, arXiv:1908.04365 [math.QA], 2019.
Ed Pegg, Jr., Sequence Pictures, Math Games column, Dec 08 2003.
Ed Pegg, Jr., Sequence Pictures, Math Games column, Dec 08 2003 [Cached copy, with permission (pdf only)]
Simon Plouffe, 20 megaterms of this sequence as computed by Hans Havermann, starting in file CFPiTerms20aa.txt
Denis Roegel, Lambert's proof of the irrationality of Pi: Context and translation, hal02984214 [math.HO], 2020.
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Pi Continued Fraction
Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Pi
G. Xiao, Contfrac
Index entries for continued fractions for constants
Index entries for sequences related to the number Pi


EXAMPLE

Pi = 3.1415926535897932384...
= 3 + 1/(7 + 1/(15 + 1/(1 + 1/(292 + ...))))
= [a_0; a_1, a_2, a_3, ...] = [3; 7, 15, 1, 292, ...].


MAPLE

cfrac (Pi, 70, 'quotients'); # Zerinvary Lajos, Feb 10 2007


MATHEMATICA

ContinuedFraction[Pi, 98]


PROG

(PARI) contfrac(Pi) \\ contfracpnqn(%) is also useful!
(PARI) { allocatemem(932245000); default(realprecision, 21000); x=contfrac(Pi); for (n=1, 20000, write("b001203.txt", n, " ", x[n])); } \\ Harry J. Smith, Apr 14 2009
(Sage) continued_fraction(RealField(333)(pi)) # Peter Luschny, Feb 16 2015


CROSSREFS

Cf. A000796 for decimal expansion. See A007541 or A033089, A033090 for records.
Cf. A097545, A097546.
Sequence in context: A106363 A128658 A234042 * A154883 A302029 A109732
Adjacent sequences: A001200 A001201 A001202 * A001204 A001205 A001206


KEYWORD

nonn,nice,cofr,changed


AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane


EXTENSIONS

Word "Simple" added to the title by David Covert, Dec 06 2016


STATUS

approved



