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A301339 a(n) is the ending digit of a prime number occurring most up to the n-th prime. If a tie exists, then the digits are concatenated in ascending order. 0
2, 23, 235, 2357, 12357, 3, 37, 37, 3, 3, 3, 37, 137, 3, 37, 3, 3, 3, 37, 137, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 37, 37, 37, 37, 7, 37, 7, 37, 37, 37, 37, 3, 37, 37, 37, 3, 37, 37, 3, 3, 3, 3, 37, 3, 3, 3, 37, 137, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 37, 7, 7, 37, 37, 7 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

      1 occurs first at a(2766290)

      2 occurs first at a(1)

      3 occurs first at a(6)

      7 occurs first at a(37)

      9 occurs first at a(7153)

     13 occurs first at a(45532)

     17 occurs first at a(12655)

     23 occurs first at a(2)

     37 occurs first at a(7)

     39 occurs first at a(429687)

     79 occurs first at a(7042)

    137 occurs first at a(13)

    235 occurs first at a(3)

    379 occurs first at a(93562)

   2357 occurs first at a(4)

  12357 occurs first at a(5)

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..73.

Caldwell and Honaker, Prime Curios!: 137

EXAMPLE

a(13)=137 because primes that end with digits 1, 3, and 7 occur most frequently (exactly three times each) up to the 13th prime.

MATHEMATICA

With[{s = Array[Mod[Prime@ #, 10] &, 73]}, Array[FromDigits@ Last[SplitBy[#, Last]][[All, 1]] &@ SortBy[Tally@ Take[s, #], Last] &, Length@ s]] (* Michael De Vlieger, Apr 21 2018 *)

PROG

(PARI) lista(nn) = {my(p=1, v = vector(9)); for (n=1, nn, p = nextprime(p+1); d = p % 10; v[d] ++; vmax = vecmax(v); s = ""; for (i=1, #v, if (v[i] == vmax, s = concat(s, i)); ); print1(eval(s), ", "); ); } \\ Michel Marcus, Apr 11 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040.

Sequence in context: A262571 A283560 A159902 * A294268 A118385 A098739

Adjacent sequences:  A301336 A301337 A301338 * A301340 A301341 A301342

KEYWORD

nonn,base

AUTHOR

G. L. Honaker, Jr., Mar 27 2018

EXTENSIONS

a(14)-a(73) by Chuck Gaydos

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 25 22:57 EDT 2018. Contains 315425 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)