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A261653 Number of primes p < n such that  n-p-1 and n+p+1 are both prime or both practical. 1

%I

%S 0,0,0,0,1,0,1,2,2,3,2,3,1,2,3,5,3,3,1,4,2,4,3,5,3,3,4,4,3,4,1,3,4,5,

%T 5,7,3,1,4,6,4,7,2,4,4,5,3,8,3,4,5,6,3,6,5,6,4,4,5,9,3,2,4,7,6,10,3,6,

%U 4,6,6,10,3,3,7,7,7,9,4,6

%N Number of primes p < n such that n-p-1 and n+p+1 are both prime or both practical.

%C Conjecture: a(n) > 0 for all n > 6. Also, for any integer n > 2, there is a prime p < n such that n-(p-1) and n+(p-1) are both prime or both practical.

%C Note that 1 is the only odd practical number and 2 is the only even prime.

%H Zhi-Wei Sun, <a href="/A261653/b261653.txt">Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000</a>

%H G. Melfi, <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jnth.1996.0012">On two conjectures about practical numbers</a>, J. Number Theory 56 (1996) 205-210 [<a href="http://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=1370203">MR96i:11106</a>].

%H Zhi-Wei Sun, <a href="http://arxiv.org/abs/1211.1588">Conjectures involving primes and quadratic forms</a>, arXiv:1211.1588 [math.NT], 2012-2015.

%e a(31) = 1 since 11, 31-11-1 = 19 and 31+11+1 = 43 are all prime.

%e a(38) = 17 since 17 is prime, and 38-17-1 = 20 and 38+17+1 = 56 are both practical.

%t f[n_]:=FactorInteger[n]

%t Pow[n_, i_]:=Part[Part[f[n], i], 1]^(Part[Part[f[n], i], 2])

%t Con[n_]:=Sum[If[Part[Part[f[n], s+1], 1]<=DivisorSigma[1, Product[Pow[n, i], {i, 1, s}]]+1, 0, 1], {s, 1, Length[f[n]]-1}]

%t pr[n_]:=n>0&&(n<3||Mod[n, 2]+Con[n]==0)

%t p[n_]:=Prime[n]

%t Do[r=0;Do[If[(PrimeQ[n-p[k]-1]&&PrimeQ[n+p[k]+1])||(pr[n-p[k]-1]&&pr[n+p[k]+1]),r=r+1],{k,1,PrimePi[n-1]}];Print[n," ",r];Continue,{n,1,80}]

%Y Cf. A000040, A005153, A208243, A209315, A209320, A209312, A261627, A261641.

%K nonn

%O 1,8

%A _Zhi-Wei Sun_, Aug 28 2015

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