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A229098 Smallest area A of Heron triangles with sides (a, b, c) in arithmetic progression of the form b - d(n), b, b + d(n), where d(n) = A091998(n) = 12*n +- 1. 1
6, 156, 126, 546, 3750, 7350, 570, 1176, 14406, 2046, 3216, 4740, 1554, 3354, 43350, 54150, 6180, 3924, 17556, 84966, 3294, 24174, 106134, 7446, 126150, 144150, 28236, 33174, 21294, 10374, 6006, 9264, 16716, 247254, 252150, 277350, 282534, 55944, 75894, 26676 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

a(1) = A011945(1).

According to the reference, d(n) is congruent (mod 12) to 1 or -1.

Let the sides be b - d, b, b + d where 1 <= d <= b. Then the semiperimeter s = 3b/2 and by Heron's formula, the area is A = b*sqrt(3*(b^2 - 4*d^2))/4.

The following table gives the first values (d(n), a, b, c, A):

+------+-----+-----+-----+-------+

| d(n) |  a  |  b  |  c  |   A   |

+------+-----+-----+-----+-------+

|   1  |   3 |   4 |   5 |     6 |

|  11  |  15 |  26 |  37 |   156 |

|  13  |  15 |  28 |  41 |   126 |

|  23  |  29 |  52 |  75 |   546 |

|  25  |  75 | 100 | 125 |  3750 |

|  35  | 105 | 140 | 175 |  7350 |

|  37  |  39 |  76 | 113 |   570 |

|  47  |  51 |  98 | 145 |  1176 |

|  49  | 147 | 196 | 245 | 14406 |

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..40.

J. A. MacDougall, Heron Triangles With Sides in Arithmetic Progression, School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia 2308, February 2, 2005.

Kival Ngaokrajang, Illustration of initial terms

EXAMPLE

a(2) = 156 is in the sequence because d(2) = A091998(2) = 11 and (a, b, c) = (15, 26, 37) => the semiperimeter is (15 + 26 + 37)/2 = 39, and A = sqrt(39*(39-15)*(39-26)*(39-37)) = 156.

MAPLE

with(numtheory):u:=0:nn:=1000:lst:={1}:for k from 1 to 10 do:x:=12*k-1:y:=12*k+1:lst:=lst union {x} union {y}:od:for n from 1 to 20 do:ii:=0:d:=lst[n]:for b from 1 to nn while(ii=0)do:s:= b*sqrt(3*(b^2-4*d^2))/4:if s>0 and s=floor(s) then ii:=1:u:=u+1:printf ( "%d %d %d %d \n", u, d, b, s):else fi:od:od:

CROSSREFS

Cf. A011945, A091998, A188158.

Sequence in context: A285368 A003460 A157626 * A203023 A128120 A237529

Adjacent sequences:  A229095 A229096 A229097 * A229099 A229100 A229101

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Michel Lagneau, Sep 13 2013

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 17 21:37 EDT 2019. Contains 328134 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)