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A128728 Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the number of skew Dyck paths of semilength n and having k UDL's (n>=0; 0<=k<=floor((n+1)/2)). A skew Dyck path is a path in the first quadrant which begins at the origin, ends on the x-axis, consists of steps U=(1,1)(up), D=(1,-1)(down) and L=(-1,-1)(left) so that up and left steps do not overlap. The length of a path is defined to be the number of steps in it. 2
1, 1, 2, 1, 6, 4, 20, 16, 71, 64, 2, 262, 261, 20, 994, 1084, 141, 3852, 4572, 854, 7, 15183, 19520, 4772, 112, 60686, 84139, 25416, 1128, 245412, 365404, 131270, 9120, 30, 1002344, 1596420, 664004, 64790, 660, 4129012, 7008544, 3309336, 422928 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Row n has 1+floor((n+1)/3) terms. Row sums yield A002212. T(n,0)=A128729(n). Sum(k*T(n,k),k>=0)=A128730(n). Apparently, T(3k-1,k)=binom(3k-1,k)/(3k-1)=A006013(k-1).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..42.

E. Deutsch, E. Munarini, S. Rinaldi, Skew Dyck paths, J. Stat. Plann. Infer. 140 (8) (2010) 2191-2203

FORMULA

G.f.=G=G(t,z) satisfies z^2*G^3-z(2-z)G^2+(1-z^2)G-1+z+z^2-tz^2=0.

EXAMPLE

T(3,1)=4 because we have UDUUDL, UUUDLD, UUDUDL and UUUDLL.

Triangle starts:

1;

1;

2,1;

6,4;

20,16;

71,64,2;

262,261,20;

MAPLE

eq:=z^2*G^3-z*(2-z)*G^2+(1-z^2)*G-1+z+z^2-t*z^2=0: G:=RootOf(eq, G): Gser:=simplify(series(G, z=0, 17)): for n from 0 to 14 do P[n]:=sort(coeff(Gser, z, n)) od: for n from 0 to 14 do seq(coeff(P[n], t, j), j=0..floor((n+1)/3)) od; # yields sequence in triangular form

CROSSREFS

Cf. A002212, A128729, A128730, A006013.

Sequence in context: A268754 A005299 A185586 * A084950 A180317 A066654

Adjacent sequences:  A128725 A128726 A128727 * A128729 A128730 A128731

KEYWORD

nonn,tabf

AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Mar 31 2007

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 4 09:05 EST 2016. Contains 278749 sequences.