

A098476


Unicode codes for the lunation runes, used in certain medieval Scandinavian perpetual calendar staves as golden numbers 119.


0



5792, 5794, 5798, 5805, 5809, 5812, 5820, 5823, 5825, 5830, 5835, 5839, 5842, 5850, 5848, 5862, 5870, 5871, 5872
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OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

This order of runes with these graphic forms is used in many rune staves in the collections of the National Museum of Finland. Note that the first sixteen of them make up the socalled younger futhark (runic alphabet), but with the fourteenth and fifteenth runes (codes 5850 and 5848, i.e. ᛚ (L) & ᛘ (M)) having swapped their places from the usual ml order:
ᚠ (F), ᚢ (U), ᚦ (Th), ᚭ (O), ᚱ (R), ᚴ (K), ᚼ (H), ᚿ (N),
ᛁ (I), ᛆ (A), ᛋ (S), ᛏ (T), ᛒ (B), ᛚ (L), ᛘ (M), ᛦ (Y),
The last three lunation runes were ligatures, coined to make up the full 119 set: ᛮ (ARLAUG), ᛯ (TVIMADUR), ᛰ (BELGTHOR)


REFERENCES

R. W. V. Elliott, Runes: An Introduction, St Martin's Press; 2nd edition, 1989.
R. W. V. Elliott, The Runic Script, in The World's Writing Systems, edited by Peter T. Daniels and William Bright, Oxford Univ. Press, 1996. p. 333339.


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..19.
G. Henriksson, The pagan Great Midwinter Sacrifice and the royal mounds at Old Uppsala (some background on runic calendar staffs)
Unicode Consortium, Unicode Standard Version 4.0, Chapter 13, Archaic Scripts (Runic)
Unicode Consortium, Unicode Home Page (Follow the link "Display Problems?" to find an appropriate information/font file to show the Runes correctly).
Wikipedia, Computus (information about the Metonic cycle and lunar calendars)
Index entries for sequences related to calendars
TITUS Cyberbit Basic font (Unicode font containing also Runes, among other characters)


CROSSREFS

Cf. A061745.
Sequence in context: A004973 A114361 A235086 * A248132 A238553 A282335
Adjacent sequences: A098473 A098474 A098475 * A098477 A098478 A098479


KEYWORD

fini,full,nonn,word


AUTHOR

Antti Karttunen, Sep 10 2004.


STATUS

approved



