

A038219


The EhrenfeuchtMycielski sequence (0,1version): a maximally unpredictable sequence.


16



0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1
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OFFSET

1


COMMENTS

The sequence starts 0,1,0 and continues according to the following rule: find the longest suffix that has occurred at least once previously. If there is more than one previous occurrences select the most recent one. The next digit of the sequence is the opposite of the one following the previous occurrence.  Christopher Carl Heckman, Feb 10 2005


LINKS

Rémy Sigrist, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..100000 (first 5000 terms from Reinhard Zumkeller)
A. Ehrenfeucht and J. Mycielski, A pseudorandom sequence  how random is it?, Amer. Math. Monthly, 99 (1992), 373375.
Grzegorz Herman and Michael Soltys, On the EhrenfeuchtMycielski sequence, Journal of Discrete Algorithms, 7, No. 4 (2009), 500508.
J. C. Kieffer and W. Szpankowski, On the EhrenfeuchtMycielski balance conjecture. Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science (2007), 1930.
Fred Lunnon, Maple Program for A038219 (Complexity about O(n log n) arithmetic operations)
Terry McConnell, The EhrenfeuchtMycielski Sequence
Terry R. McConnell, DeBruijn Strings, double helices, and the EhrenfeuchtMycielski mechanism, arXiv:1303.6820.
Rémy Sigrist, Perl program for A038219
K. Sutner, The EhrenfeuchtMycielski sequence, 2001 [broken link]
K. Sutner, The EhrenfeuchtMycielski sequence, 2001 [Cached copy]
Klaus Sutner, The EhrenfeuchtMycielski Sequence, LNCS 2759 (2003) 282293.
Wikipedia, EhrenfeuchtMycielski sequence


EXAMPLE

We start with a(1)=0, a(2)=1, a(3)=0.
The longest suffix we have seen before is "0", when it occurred at the start, followed by 1. So a(4) = 0. We now have 0100.
The longest suffix we have seen before is again "0", when it occurred at a(3), followed by a(4)=0. So a(5) = 1. We now have 01001.
The longest suffix we have seen before is "01", when it occurred at a(1),a(2), followed by a(3)=0. So a(6) = 1. We now have 010011.
And so on.
For further illustrations of calculating these terms, see A308174 and A308175.  N. J. A. Sloane, May 21 2019


MAPLE

See Lunnon link.


PROG

(Haskell)
a038219 n = a038219_list !! n
a038219_list = 0 : f [0] where
f us = a' : f (us ++ [a']) where
a' = b $ reverse $ map (`splitAt` us) [0..length us  1] where
b ((xs, ys):xyss)  vs `isSuffixOf` xs = 1  head ys
 otherwise = b xyss
vs = fromJust $ find (`isInfixOf` init us) $ tails us
 Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 05 2011
(Perl) See Links section.


CROSSREFS

Cf. A007061 (1, 2 version).
Cf. A201881 (run lengths).
Cf. also A253059, A253060, A253061.
For first appearance of subwords see A308173.
A308174, A308175 are used in the calculation of a(n).
Sequence in context: A288633 A284775 A156259 * A138710 A255817 A179829
Adjacent sequences: A038216 A038217 A038218 * A038220 A038221 A038222


KEYWORD

nonn,nice


AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, Mira Bernstein


EXTENSIONS

More terms from Joshua Zucker, Aug 11 2006
Offset changed by Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 11 2011
Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, May 12 2019


STATUS

approved



