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A038219 The Ehrenfeucht-Mycielski sequence (0,1-version): a maximally unpredictable sequence. 16
0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1

COMMENTS

The sequence starts 0,1,0 and continues according to the following rule: find the longest suffix that has occurred at least once previously. If there is more than one previous occurrences select the most recent one. The next digit of the sequence is the opposite of the one following the previous occurrence. - Christopher Carl Heckman, Feb 10 2005

LINKS

Rémy Sigrist, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..100000 (first 5000 terms from Reinhard Zumkeller)

A. Ehrenfeucht and J. Mycielski, A pseudorandom sequence - how random is it?, Amer. Math. Monthly, 99 (1992), 373-375.

Grzegorz Herman and Michael Soltys, On the Ehrenfeucht-Mycielski sequence, Journal of Discrete Algorithms, 7, No. 4 (2009), 500-508.

J. C. Kieffer and W. Szpankowski, On the Ehrenfeucht-Mycielski balance conjecture. Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science (2007), 19-30.

Fred Lunnon, Maple Program for A038219 (Complexity about O(n log n) arithmetic operations)

Terry McConnell, The Ehrenfeucht-Mycielski Sequence

Terry R. McConnell, DeBruijn Strings, double helices, and the Ehrenfeucht-Mycielski mechanism, arXiv:1303.6820.

Rémy Sigrist, Perl program for A038219

K. Sutner, The Ehrenfeucht-Mycielski sequence, 2001 [broken link]

K. Sutner, The Ehrenfeucht-Mycielski sequence, 2001 [Cached copy]

Klaus Sutner, The Ehrenfeucht-Mycielski Sequence, LNCS 2759 (2003) 282-293.

Wikipedia, Ehrenfeucht-Mycielski sequence

EXAMPLE

We start with a(1)=0, a(2)=1, a(3)=0.

The longest suffix we have seen before is "0", when it occurred at the start, followed by 1. So a(4) = 0. We now have 0100.

The longest suffix we have seen before is again "0", when it occurred at a(3), followed by a(4)=0. So a(5) = 1. We now have 01001.

The longest suffix we have seen before is "01", when it occurred at a(1),a(2), followed by a(3)=0. So a(6) = 1. We now have 010011.

And so on.

For further illustrations of calculating these terms, see A308174 and A308175. - N. J. A. Sloane, May 21 2019

MAPLE

See Lunnon link.

PROG

(Haskell)

a038219 n = a038219_list !! n

a038219_list = 0 : f [0] where

   f us = a' : f (us ++ [a']) where

        a' = b $ reverse $ map (`splitAt` us) [0..length us - 1] where

           b ((xs, ys):xyss) | vs `isSuffixOf` xs = 1 - head ys

                            | otherwise          = b xyss

        vs = fromJust $ find (`isInfixOf` init us) $ tails us

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 05 2011

(Perl) See Links section.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A007061 (1, 2 version).

Cf. A201881 (run lengths).

Cf. also A253059, A253060, A253061.

For first appearance of subwords see A308173.

A308174, A308175 are used in the calculation of a(n).

Sequence in context: A288633 A284775 A156259 * A138710 A255817 A179829

Adjacent sequences:  A038216 A038217 A038218 * A038220 A038221 A038222

KEYWORD

nonn,nice

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane, Mira Bernstein

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Joshua Zucker, Aug 11 2006

Offset changed by Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 11 2011

Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, May 12 2019

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 15 03:16 EDT 2019. Contains 328025 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)