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A000388 Number of permutations of an n-sequence discordant with three given permutations (see reference) in n-2 places.
(Formerly M4139 N1717)
8
6, 20, 180, 1106, 9292, 82980, 831545, 9139482, 109595496, 1423490744, 19911182207, 298408841160, 4770598226296, 81037124739588, 1457607971046492, 27675791180024802, 553166885187641670, 11609691036091870428, 255273744004170486155, 5868308906885934514178 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

4,1

REFERENCES

J. Riordan, Discordant permutations, Scripta Math., 20 (1954), 14-23.

N. J. A. Sloane, A Handbook of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1973 (includes this sequence).

N. J. A. Sloane and Simon Plouffe, The Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences, Academic Press, 1995 (includes this sequence).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=4..23.

J. Riordan, Discordant permutations, Scripta Math., 20 (1954), 14-23. [Annotated scanned copy]

FORMULA

a(n) = coefficient of y^2 in sum_0^n sigma_{n, k}(n - k)!(y - 1)^k on y where the sigma_{n, k} have generating function sigma(t, u) = (1 - 2t^2(u^2) - 2t^2(1 + t)u^3 + 3t^4(u^4))(1 - tu)^(-1)(1 - (1 + 2t)u - tu^2 + t^3(u^3))^(-1). - Barbara Haas Margolius (margolius(AT)math.csuohio.edu), Feb 17 2001

MAPLE

seq(f(n, 2), n=5..30); # code for f(n, k) is given in A000440 - Barbara Haas Margolius (margolius(AT)math.csuohio.edu), Feb 17 2001

MATHEMATICA

sigma[t_, u_] = (1 - 2 t^2 (u^2) - 2 t^2 (1 + t) u^3 + 3 t^4 (u^4)) (1 - t* u)^(-1) (1 - (1 + 2 t) u - t *u^2 + t^3 (u^3))^(-1); ds[t_, n_] := D[sigma[t, u], {u, n}] /. u -> 0; su[n_] := su[n] = Sum[ Coefficient[ds[t, n]/n!, t, j]*(n - j)!*(y - 1)^j, {j, 0, n}]; f[n_, k_] := Coefficient[su[n], y, k]; Table[f[n, 2], {n, 4, 23}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Sep 01 2011, after Maple prog. *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000500, A000470, A000440, A000476, A000380, A000492.

Sequence in context: A027148 A095854 A027268 * A227769 A267903 A280039

Adjacent sequences:  A000385 A000386 A000387 * A000389 A000390 A000391

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

N. J. A. Sloane

EXTENSIONS

More terms from Barbara Haas Margolius (margolius(AT)math.csuohio.edu), Feb 17 2001

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 24 18:18 EDT 2017. Contains 286997 sequences.